Women in Espionage Term Paper by scribbler

Women in Espionage
A review of the experience and heroism of three female spies, Melita Norwood, Violette Szabo and Mildred Harnack.
# 152133 | 3,054 words | 16 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on Jan 04, 2013 in Women Studies (General) , History (General)

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This paper examines the careers of three female spies: Cold War "Granny Spy" Melita Norwood, World War II Allied Secret Agent Violette Szabo, and the only American woman to be executed for opposing Hitler, Mildred Harnack. The paper provides a brief history of espionage and then discusses the motivations, bravery and consequences for these three women. The paper highlights how all three women were highly committed to their causes and endangered their lives for their ideals and moral obligations and not any financial compensation.

Brief History of Espionage
Mildred Harnack - The Unsung Heroine of World War II
Bravery Unbounded - Violette Szabo
The Granny Spy of the Cold War - Melita Norwood

From the Paper:

"Espionage has been documented as far back as Ancient China, India, Egypt, and even Sumeria. The Egyptian Empire, in fact, had a highly developed caste of spies, and there are Biblical accounts of Hebrew spies as well. Of course espionage was used in Greece and Rome, further developed during the Mongol and Byzantine Empires, and extremely sophisticated intelligence in Shogun Japan using the Ninja caste (Lerner, 2004). Modern espionage is said to have begun in the Elizabethan Era under the sly Minister of State Francis Walsingham, who established a large and sophisticated network of agents, the craft of more advanced codes, and a systematized approach to intelligence gathering. In fact, Walsingham is credited by many scholars for using espionage to actually save the crown for Elizabeth and retain Protestantism in England (Budiansky, 2006).
"The craft of spying really came into its own in the events post-World War II. This era, called "The Cold War," was a grand effort from the Soviet Union and Communist China to jump start their nuclear program using secrets stolen from the United States and England. Of course, this became far more complex, with the West/East spymaster game encompassing billions of dollars, thousands of people, agencies, and technology for almost five decades. The thrust of the Cold War caused numerous technological advances in spycraft, culminating in modern spy satellites and computer technology that transcends any imagined tradecraft from those early spies (Volkman, 1996)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Brysac, S., (2000). Resisting Hitler: Mildred Harnack and the Red Orchestra Oxford University Press.
  • Bonney, M. (2002). The Women Who Lived For Danger.'Hodder and Stoughton.
  • Budiansky, S. (2006). Her Magesty's Speymaster: Elizabeth I, Sir Francis Walsingham And the Origins of Modern Espionage. Plume Press.
  • Central Intelligence Agency. (2009). The Office of Strategic Services: America's FirstIntelligence Agency. Cited in:https://www.cia.gov/library/center-for-the-study-of-intelligence/csi-publications/books-and-monographs/oss/index.htm
  • Crowdy, T. (2006). The Enemy Within: A History of Spies, Spymasters, and Espionage. Osprey Press.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Women in Espionage (2013, January 04) Retrieved March 05, 2024, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/women-in-espionage-152133/

MLA Format

"Women in Espionage" 04 January 2013. Web. 05 March. 2024. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/women-in-espionage-152133/>