What is Fascism?
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The paper explains that fascism calls for a religious rebellion against symbols of ethical decay, such as uniqueness and materialism, and it searches for the elimination of unfamiliar forces and groups that intimidate the organic society. The paper discusses how fascism has a propensity to commemorate masculinity, youth, mystical harmony and the regenerative authority of violence, and it encourages racial advantage policies, ethnic maltreatment, imperialist growth and genocide. The paper relates that fascism is antagonistic to Marxism, liberalism, and conservatism, yet it utilizes ideas and practices from all three, and looks at the nations that were gripped by fascism between World War I and World War II. Finally, the paper discusses the solution to fascism that has come to be known as anti-fascism, the essential form of both working class and capitalist reformism.
From the Paper:"Fascism's advance to politics is both populist, in that it looks to stimulate the people as a total against apparent oppressors or enemies and selective in that it treats the people's will as personified in a chosen group, or frequently one ultimate leader, from whom power advances downward. Fascism seeks to systematize a cadre led mass advancement in a drive to grab state authority. It looks to effectively secondary all spheres of civilization to its ideological visualization of natural community, typically by way of a totalitarian state. Both as a group and a government, fascism utilizes group associations as a scheme of incorporation and control, and utilizes organized aggression to repress resistance, even though the level of aggression varies extensively (Lyons, 2010).
"Fascism is antagonistic to Marxism, liberalism, and conservatism, yet it utilizes ideas and practices from all three. Fascism discards the main beliefs of class struggle and workers' internationalism as threats to national or racial harmony, yet it frequently exploits real objections against capitalists and landowners through ethnic scapegoating or radical-sounding scheme theories. Fascism discards the liberal policies of individual independence and rights, political pluralism, and representative government, yet it supports broad accepted participation in politics and may utilize parliamentary channels in its drive to authority. Its visualization of a new order disagrees with the conventional addition to custom founded institutions and hierarchies, yet fascism often romanticizes the past as motivation for national rebirth (Lyons, 2010)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bosworth, R. J. B. and Dogliani, Patrizia. (1999). Italian fascism: history, memory, and representation. New York: Palgrave.
- Boyanowski, Brett. (2002). Fascism. Retrieved from http://departments.kings.edu/history/20c/fascism.html
- Burkowicz, Jakub. (n.d.). Anti-Fascism/Antifa. Retrieved from http://affinityproject.org/traditions/antifascism.html
- Ceplair, Larry. (1989). Under the shadow of war: Fascism, anti-Fascism, and Marxists, 1918- 1939. New York: Columbia University Press.
- Lyons, Matthew N. (2010). What is Fascism? Some General Ideological Features. Retrieved from http://www.publiceye.org/eyes/whatfasc.html
Cite this Term Paper:
What is Fascism? (2013, May 30) Retrieved November 19, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/what-is-fascism-153428/
"What is Fascism?" 30 May 2013. Web. 19 November. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/what-is-fascism-153428/>