What is Biological Anthropology?
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The paper relates that biological anthropology deals with the interface between the biological sciences and anthropology, with the focus on the study of human physical and social development. The paper then shows how contemporary biological anthropology includes a wide range of views and theoretical approaches that include questions such as what does it mean to be human, how did we become who we are today, and how does our biological past influence our lives in the environments of the present. Furthermore, the paper shows how this field explores the place of humankind in relation to the natural world, by using the knowledge of genetics and the biological sciences.
From the Paper:"Central to this field in terms of theory is the attention given to evolutionary theory, as well as the issue of environmental adaption and human biological variations. In order to explore this field, biological anthropologist investigate a number of related areas; these include primatolgy, or the study of biological adaptation in other primates, the study of the fossil record or paleontology, the study of prehistoric people as well as the genetics of living populations (What is Anthropology?) All of these aspects, among others, form part of the theoretical background to this field.
"The development of modern biological anthropology increased in the last century and became known as the new physical anthropology; which was deeply concerned with the theory of evolution. This was a "synthesis of genetics, anatomy, ecology, and behavior with evolutionary theory" which dominated the field in the middle of the last century". (Stanford, Allen and Anton, 2010)
"Darwin's theory of evolution played a preeminent role in the development of theory in biological anthropology. Furthermore, Darwin's theory tried to answer a cardinal issue in the natural sciences; namely how different species originate and survive. This also included the question as to how populations remain relatively constant even though most species produce more offspring than is necessary. Darwin developed his theory of natural selection and posited that some offspring die without reproducing and only the healthiest and most adaptive survive"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Edward O. Wilson. Retrieved from http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/644678/Edward-O-Wilson
- Hagen E. ( 2009) A career in biological anthropology. Retrieved from http://physanth.org/career/a-career-in-biological-anthropology
- Hirst K. Human Behavioral Ecology. Retrieved from http://archaeology.about.com/od/hterms/g/hbe.htm
- Stanford , Allen and Anton (2010) EXPLORING BIOLOGICALANTHROPOLOGY, 2/e. Retrieved from http://www.pearsonhighered.com/readinghour/anthro/assets/0205705405_ch1.pdf
- What is Anthropology? Retrieved from http://www.aaanet.org/about/WhatisAnthropology.cfm
Cite this Term Paper:
What is Biological Anthropology? (2013, May 03) Retrieved January 21, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/what-is-biological-anthropology-153117/
"What is Biological Anthropology?" 03 May 2013. Web. 21 January. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/what-is-biological-anthropology-153117/>