Wechsler Intelligence Scale
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This paper provides a brief biography of the psychologist David Wechsler and his part in the quest for understanding human intelligence. The paper explains the influential scale that he eventually devised to carry out intelligence tests on children, known as the Wechsler Intelligence Scale. Although the test has remained the most commonly used scale in children from diverse cultural and linguistic backgrounds it has attracted some criticisms, also mentioned in the paper.
From the Paper:"Wechsler was born in Romania to Jewish parents and immigrated to the United States in his early childhood. After getting his master's degree in psychology, Wechsler became an army psychologist assigned to Camp Logan, Texas in 1917. He was then sent to the University of London to work with Charles Spearman and Karl Pearson, who administered the Stanford-Binet to recruits who had done poorly on group intelligence tests. Wechsler viewed intelligence as an effect rather than a cause (unlike his superior Spearman). He also thought that Spearman's theory of general intelligence (g) was too narrow (Fancher, 1985). From 1922 to 1925, Wechsler worked as a clinical psychologist at the Bureau f Child Guidance in New York City. He maintained a private practice between the years of 1925 and 1932. He worked as chief psychologist at Bellevue Psychiatric Hospital from 1932 until 1967. While at Bellevue, he published many assessment instruments, including: Wechsler-Bellevue Scale of Intelligence (1939); Wechsler Memory Scale (WMS) (1945); the Wechsler Intelligence Scale for Children (WISC) (1949); the Wechsler Adult Intelligence Scale (WAIS) (1955); and the Wechsler Primary and Preschool Scale of Intelligence (1967) (Plucker, 2007). He is known for his use of the deviation quotient (DQ) and, according to Fancher (1985), the DQ was a "technical innovation that replaced the use of mental ages in computing IQ scores" and that it "greatly improved the utility of normative comparisons when intelligence tests are used with adult examinees." Wechsler died in 1981. His intelligence tests were already incredibly respected in the field (Fancher, 1985)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Carroll, J.B. (1993). Human cognitive abilities: A survey of factor and analytic studies. New York: Cambridge University Press.
- Fancher, R.E. (1985). The intelligence men: Makers of the IQ controversy. New York:W.W. Norton & Company.
- Farrall, Melissa. (2001) WISC-III v. WISC-IV Comparison: Myth of the WISC-III/WISC IV Retest: the Apples and Oranges Effect. Retrieved from the Web Site: Fairleigh Dickinson University on June 16, 2008. http://alpha.fdu.edu/psychology/WISCIV_Index.htm
- Flanagan, D.P., & Kaufman, A.S. (2004). Essentials of WISC-IV assessment. Hoboken, NJ: John Wiley & Sons.
- Georgas, James. (2003). Culture and children's intelligence: Cross-cultural analysis of the WISC-III. Academic Press; 1st edition.
Cite this Term Paper:
Wechsler Intelligence Scale (2009, December 28) Retrieved July 30, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/wechsler-intelligence-scale-118011/
"Wechsler Intelligence Scale" 28 December 2009. Web. 30 July. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/wechsler-intelligence-scale-118011/>