Warfare and the Industrial Revolution Term Paper by nf

Warfare and the Industrial Revolution
A discussion on whether warfare and expenditures on military forces stimulated or retarded British economic development from 1750 to 1815.
# 102481 | 3,839 words | 5 sources | MLA | 2007 | CA
Published on Mar 26, 2008 in History (British)

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This paper discusses how, although a prolonged period of war, 1750 to 1815, was expensive, Great Britain was able to find new markets where it could expand and be the first industrialized country in the world. The paper then looks at how Great Britain was also able to maintain a high level of domestic demand for British industry because of the increase in public expenditure. Weighing all the gains and expansion, plus the opening to a major Industrial Revolution, against the few retarding effects of the war on the economy, the paper concludes that the war did not cause any hold ups in the pace and content of the British economic development, but it did set the Industrial Revolution in motion.

From the Paper:

"The consumer-goods industry also presented a positive outcome of war through the increasing output that it experienced. The production of paper, crown, plate, flint, and white glass all steadily increased in output. In the textile industry, linen and silk expanded exceedingly, and so prospered the woollen industry as well. Not forgetting the cotton industry, which followed the same trend directed attention to spinning techniques, leading to the invention of the spinning jenny in 1764 by James Hargreaves. This invention made the production of yarn pretty efficient by dramatically reducing the amount of work. A single worker was now able to work eight or more spools at once. This labour intensive activity provided employment to Britain on a bigger scale. The export trade in woollen goods accounted for more than a quarter of the total British exports during this time, and it got doubled between 1701 and 1770. Exports of the cotton industry had grown tenfold, but still accounted for only about a tenth of the value of the woollen trade."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • A. H. John, 'War and the English Economy, 1700-1763', Economic History Review, 2nd ser., 7 (1954-55), 32944
  • Glenn Hueckel, 'War and the British Economy, 1793-1815: a General Equilibrium Analysis', Explorations in Economic History, 10:4 (Summer 1973) [1972-73], 356-96
  • Phyllis Deane, 'War and Industrialisation', in J. M. Winter, ed., War and Economic Development: Essays in memory of David Joslin (Cambridge, 1975), pp 91-102
  • Robert M. Kozub, Evolution of Taxation in England, 1700-1815: a Period of War and Industrialization, University of Wisconsin-Milwaukee (published by CAPITALIA SpA, Roma), p 371. Journal of Economic History, 24 (Dec 1964), 567-90
  • W. W. Rostow, The Process of Economic Growth, 2nd Edition (Oxford: The Clarendon Press and Oxford University Press, 1960), chapter 7, 'War and Economic Change: The British Experience', pp 145-67

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Warfare and the Industrial Revolution (2008, March 26) Retrieved December 05, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/warfare-and-the-industrial-revolution-102481/

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"Warfare and the Industrial Revolution" 26 March 2008. Web. 05 December. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/warfare-and-the-industrial-revolution-102481/>