Understanding Consciousness: The Field of Physiological Psychology Term Paper by scribbler

Understanding Consciousness: The Field of Physiological Psychology
An overview of physiological psychology and the approaches utilized by researchers in this field.
# 152722 | 1,561 words | 4 sources | APA | 2013 | US
Published on Apr 22, 2013 in Psychology (Physiological)

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The paper looks at the definition of physiological psychology and explains it to be the study of how the mechanisms of the brain influence psychological processes. The paper discusses the contributions of Alexander Bain and Sir Charles Bell, two historical figures in the field of physiological psychology, and explores the relationship between the human nervous system and behavior. The paper examines research approaches used by physiological psychologists that include both noninvasive approaches, such as brain imaging and brain stimulation of animals and humans, as well as invasive physiological experiments, that include removing or cutting various parts of the brain in order to induce specific observable behavior changes.

Definition of Physiological Psychology
Two Historical Figures in the Field of Physiological Psychology
The Relationship Between the Human Nervous System and Behavior
Evaluation of Two Research Approaches used by Physiological Psychologists

From the Paper:

"There has been significant controversy in the field over the combination of physiology and psychology. Psychology can be described as the scientific study of all overt behaviors and internal process of an organism (Pinel, 2009). Physiology on the other hand is defined as the study of how living organisms function (Pinel, 2009). Initial concerns about the combination of the two concepts directly related to the complexity of psychological processes and the ability to truly define such complex phenomena with the physiological processes of the brain. However, these concerns were laid to rest when exploration of the brain showed that psychological changes, even complex ones, could be directly correlated to damage to or stimulation of specific parts of the brain (Pinel, 2009). The concerns were also proven false as many animal species were observed to have characteristics and capabilities that were once believed to be psychological in nature and therefore purely human.
"Physiological psychology is first and foremost psychology and therefore is best viewed as the manner in which biology and science can help explain the complicated cognitive process of living organisms (Boddy, 1989). Therefore physiological psychologists will ably to apply the understanding of bodily structures and functions to the behavior mechanisms that are being studied. Physiological psychologists believe that the fundamental function of the nervous system is to produce and control behavior and therefore they are concerned with the impact of neural mechanisms on behavior (Pinel, 2009)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Boddy, J. (1989). The benefits of physiological psychology. British Journal of Psychology,80(4), 479-499.
  • Carmicheal, L. (1926). Sir Charles Bell: A contribution to the history of physiological Psychology. Psychological Review, 33(3), 188-217.
  • Hennig, B. (2010). Science, conscience, consciousness. History of the Human Sciences, 23(3), 15-28. doi: 10.1177/0952695110363353
  • Pinel, J. P. J., (2009). Biopsychology. (7th ed) Boston: Allyn and Bacon.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Understanding Consciousness: The Field of Physiological Psychology (2013, April 22) Retrieved October 19, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/understanding-consciousness-the-field-of-physiological-psychology-152722/

MLA Format

"Understanding Consciousness: The Field of Physiological Psychology" 22 April 2013. Web. 19 October. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/understanding-consciousness-the-field-of-physiological-psychology-152722/>