Toronto Youth Gangs, Rationales and 'Moral Panic'
An examination of youth gangs in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA).
# 102281 | 2,044 words | 12 sources | APA | 2007 |
Published on Mar 21, 2008 in Psychology (Alcohol and Drugs) , Criminology (Juvenile Justice) , Criminology (Drugs Enforcement) , Criminology (Organized Crime Studies) , Canadian Studies (General)
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This paper examines the youth gang problem in the Greater Toronto Area (GTA). The paper explains that governmental, academic and media sources tend to discuss the gangs only in a social context, ignoring profit motivations centred on the crack cocaine industry. The paper also looks at how youth gang activity in the GTA is more entrenched than a decade ago. The paper stresses how most sources fail to identify the central factor of a crack economy that is most lucrative, notably in academic sources that may present theories and models which fail to consider differences in the crack industry supporting gangs. In conclusion, the paper shows that persons supplying millions in crack to Toronto each year are not victims of troubled identity and membership, bad housing, educational failure or the results of bigotry, but people motivated by profits.
Extent of Gang Activity
Extent of Gang Activity
From the Paper:"Educated opinion indicates a liberal position equating gang membership with poverty, low opportunity or other disadvantage in a now usual rationale given minority members to engage in criminal youth gangs. The public can be unaware of 'white' gang members or gangs without particular ethnic origin or members by no means from deprived backgrounds. The culture of delinquency involves profiting from a deadly dug, as stressed later, though the educated public can seem more concerned by police approaches to youths arrested at younger than 14 or arrests made more often within one community than another. When the Toronto Police Service cracked down on the Crips-back New Born Assassins in the Keele-Eglinton area, in response to violent planned muggings, critics noted that those arrested were mainly 14 to 15 years old, charged with conspiracy to commit an indictable robbery, robbery and disguise with intent to commit an indictable offence; the public can be unclear as to why arrests are made when youths are 'not guilty' of an actual offense."
Sample of Sources Used:
- ABC. (2000). "Youth Gangs Increase Membership." Australian Broadcasting Corporation. March 13.
- BBC4. (2003). "Dispatches - Gang Wars." British Broadcasting Corporation. June 8.
- Came, Barry. (1989). Gang Terror. MacLean's. May 22: 36-39.
- Department of Justice. (2001). Federal Government Introduces Anti-Gang Measures. News Room. April 17.
- Lamberti, R. (2007). Gang Life a Family Affair - teens taught violent ways, police. The Toronto Sun. January 17.
Cite this Term Paper:
Toronto Youth Gangs, Rationales and 'Moral Panic' (2008, March 21) Retrieved January 28, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/toronto-youth-gangs-rationales-and-moral-panic-102281/
"Toronto Youth Gangs, Rationales and 'Moral Panic'" 21 March 2008. Web. 28 January. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/toronto-youth-gangs-rationales-and-moral-panic-102281/>