Title IX - Fair to All Athletes? Term Paper by Nicky

Title IX - Fair to All Athletes?
An examination of Title IX and whether it has been a boost for women's athletics at the expense of men's sports programs.
# 149187 | 2,864 words | 9 sources | MLA | 2011 | US
Published on Nov 29, 2011 in Sport (General) , Women Studies (General) , Gender and Sexuality (General)

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The paper provides a thorough review of the initial dynamics of Title IX, the reasons for Title IX, the early successes of Title IX, and the latest information about how Title IX has become a tool of discrimination against men's athletics and sports programs. The paper reaches the conclusion that if it can be shown statistically that men's programs are being unfairly cut to make room for women's sports that are not widely embraced, then changes must be made and Title IX must undergo a major makeover.

Introduction to Title IX: It Seemed Fair at the Time
Main Body of Literature and Assessment of Challenges to Title IX
Title IX: Contentious Issues Cloud the Positives for Women
George W. Bush's Attempt to Change Title IX
Title IX: Recent Evidence of Unfairness to Male Athletes
Latest Gender-Equity Report - NCAA

From the Paper:

"On high school campuses the rate of growth of girls playing sports was even more dramatic - based on athletically-inclined girls' knowledge that they would be able to participate in intercollegiate sports in college: in 1971, the year prior to Title IX, there were 294,000 girls playing interscholastic sports, and by the 2002-2003 school year, over 2.8 million high school girls were playing interscholastic sports, according to (NCWGE).
"According to the American Association of University Women (AAAUW) Title IX, when enacted by Congress thirty-seven years ago, specifically prohibited discrimination based on gender and marital or parental status in: admissions; housing and facilities; college and university courses; career guidance and counseling services; student financial aid; student health and insurance benefits; and "scholastic, intercollegiate, club, or intramural athletics." And there is a three-part test to determine of a university or college is in compliance, the AAAUW Web page explains: the first prong is based on the proportion of female students attending the institution compared with females participating in intercollegiate sports; prong #2 examines whether the school has a track record of expanding sports opportunities for women; the third prong: is the school adequately accommodating women's athletic interests and abilities?"

Sample of Sources Used:

  • American Association of University Women. "Report Card on Gender Equity." RetrievedJune 28, 2009, from http://www.aauw.org. (2004).
  • Brake, Deborah. "Revisiting Title IX's Feminist Legacy: Moving Beyond the Three-Part Test." Journal of Gender, Social Policy & The Law, 12(3), 453-473. (2004).
  • Klemko, Robert. "Title IX celebrated as study raises scholarship questions." USAToday. (2009). Retrieved June 29, 2009, from http://www.usatoday.com/sports/college/2009-06-23-title-ix-study_N.htm.
  • Krebs, Jamie. "Title IX unfair for male sports programs." The Alestle. (2001). Retrieved June 27, 2009, from http://www.siue.edu.
  • McErlain, Eric. "New Study of Gender Symmetric Teams Reveals SignificantDisparity in Athletic Opportunities." (2009). College Sports Council. RetrievedJune 28, 2009, from http://collegesportscouncil.org.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Title IX - Fair to All Athletes? (2011, November 29) Retrieved June 05, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/title-ix-fair-to-all-athletes-149187/

MLA Format

"Title IX - Fair to All Athletes?" 29 November 2011. Web. 05 June. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/title-ix-fair-to-all-athletes-149187/>