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This paper discusses three theoretical approaches to geopolitics. The three approaches are Makinder's approach to geopolitics in Eurasia and the "pivot principle," Harrison's theory of the polar-projection, globe versus map theory, and the Thomas Barnett theory of the power of terrorism and fear and its effect on the world's cartography. The paper also examines how geopolitics has grown in importance and influence since the turn of the 20th century, and how there are many theories and approaches to how the world interacts together, both politically and geographically.
From the Paper:"Makinder's theory revolved around his idea of the "Heartland," an interior area in Eurasia dominated by Russia and Germany. He believed that rather than sea power, railroads would arm the armies and countries of the future, where they had relied on sea traffic before. He also believed that whoever controlled this "Heartland" had the potential to dominate the world's politics and future, and in this, his theory seemed to prove itself correct in the initial stages of World War II. The text notes, "Successive imperial entities had fought for control of this region, which would now be equated with modern-day Siberia and Central Asia". He felt this area was a "geographical pivot," and that it would be an area of constant struggle for domination throughout history. He believed this pivot point dominated the entire world, which he called the "World Island," and that whoever controlled this area would dominate the world. "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Barnett, Thomas. 2009, The Pentagon's New Map, viewed 21 August 2009, <http://www.thomaspmbarnett.com/pdf/PNM_Map_high_res.pdf>.
- Friedman, George. 2009, The Geopolitics of Pandemics, viewed 21 August, 2009, <http://www.stratfor.com/weekly/20090504_geopolitics_pandemics>.
- Gartenstein-Ross, Daveed. 2008, The Strategic Vulnerabilities of Oil Dependence, viewed 21 August 2009, <http://globalgeopolitics.net/art/0721-Gartenstein-Ross-Oil-Dependence.htm>.
- Shah, Anup. 2009, Geopolitics, Global Issues, viewed 21 August, 2009, <http://www.globalissues.org/issue/65/geopolitics>.
Cite this Term Paper:
Theoretical Approaches to Geopolitics (2012, January 15) Retrieved September 24, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/theoretical-approaches-to-geopolitics-149956/
"Theoretical Approaches to Geopolitics" 15 January 2012. Web. 24 September. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/theoretical-approaches-to-geopolitics-149956/>