The Youth of Modern China
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This paper provides a historical discussion of the influences of Mao's reforms and how these reforms played a significant role in creating a culture of youth in modern China. The paper explains Mao's four modernizations of agriculture, industry, national defense, and science and technology, and how the youth were impacted by these reforms.
From the Paper:"During the Nationalist Era (1828 - 1937), the communist leaders concentrated on organizing the peasants in the villages. Founding the Socialist republic of China, the village and the villagers were made the focal points, prompted by the chairman of the Chinese Soviet Republic in the southeastern province of Jiangxi, Mao Zedong, the first units of the Chinese Workers' and Peasants' Red Army were formed. While conducting guerrilla warfare in these regions, the soldiers carried out an agrarian revolution that was based on Mao's premise that the best way to win the conflict was to isolate the cities by gaining control of the countryside and the food supply.
"At the time of founding the Chinese Communist Party in 1921, the leaders first tried to fully apply the theories etched out by Karl Marx. But the Marxist theories and ideologies were born on a completely industrialized environment. Ripped by the dilemma, the few years were quite baffling for both the leaders as well as the workers, until Chairman Mao Zedong adopted the Marxist ideologies and theories into theory to the conditions of an underdeveloped, primarily agricultural society."
Cite this Term Paper:
The Youth of Modern China (2003, September 29) Retrieved March 02, 2024, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-youth-of-modern-china-31834/
"The Youth of Modern China" 29 September 2003. Web. 02 March. 2024. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-youth-of-modern-china-31834/>