The Therapist's Role and Human Nature
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The paper discusses the philosophical dilemma of whether human beings have free will, based on the views of Sartre and Skinner, and argues that while people can refer to their moral principles to help them make decisions, they ultimately must take responsibility for their decision. The paper goes on to contend that as therapists, we have to believe that individuals have the power to change their lives by changing their attitudes, perceptions and behavior, and it is part of the therapist's role to make sure that the individual knows that he has the power within himself to change. The paper also briefly outlines the techniques of behavior therapy and cognitive therapy and looks at their respective applications.
From the Paper:"Human beings all have a definite purpose in their lives; this is a part of their human nature - at least this is what the Bible tells us. Each person is created by a transcendent God with a purpose. Karl Marx wrote, "The real nature of man is the totality of social relations" (Stevenson & Haberman 2008). Marx denied that God existed and believed instead that each person is a product of the particular economic stage of human society in which he or she lives. Jean-Paul Sartre, an atheist, wrote: "Man is condemned to be free" (2008). While he was an atheist like Marx, he differed from Marx in holding that our nature is not determined by our society, nor by anything else. He believed that every person is completely free to decide what he or she wants to be and do. "In contrast, recent sociobiological theorists have treated human beings as a product of evolution, with our own biological determined, species-specific patterns of behavior" (2008).
"It is these different ideas about human nature (and more) that lead to very different ideas about what we ought to do and how we can do it - that is, they all lead to very different perspectives on human nature and thus, as a therapist, how is one supposed to make sense out of all of these different viewpoints?"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Norcross, John C. (2002). Psychotherapy relationships that work. Oxford University Press, 1st edition.
- Skinner, B.F. (1965). Science and human behavior. Free Press.
- Stevenson, Leslie. & Haberman, David L. (2008). Ten theories of human nature. Oxford University Press; 5th edition.
Cite this Term Paper:
The Therapist's Role and Human Nature (2013, May 01) Retrieved August 15, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-therapist-role-and-human-nature-152986/
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