The Structure of Congress Term Paper by Nicky

The Structure of Congress
A brief look at the structure of the United States Congress.
# 151530 | 765 words | 1 source | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 24, 2012 in Political Science (U.S.)

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The paper describes how the two houses - the House of Representatives and the Senate - have committees set up to deal with specialized issues. The paper looks at how each house has a leadership structure that facilitates the needs of the two parties and how the committees also have their own leadership. The paper also notes the differences in the governing and leadership style of the House and the Senate.

From the Paper:

"Subcommittees operate within a standing or select committee, but typically only focus on one task or issue. The overarching committee will set the framework for the subcommittee's activities, including mandate and rules with regards to function. In Congress, subcommittees are limited, typically to five or six per committee. The function of subcommittees varies more greatly than the function of committees, as they tend to be freer from rules. This leads to a high degree of autonomy for some subcommittees, while other subcommittees have only limited autonomy. Those with a high degree of autonomy will play a more direct role in legislative issues.
"In addition to the committees, Congress has an entrenched leadership system. The highest rank is the Speaker of the House. Each party also has a Leader and a Whip. The leader runs the party's activities in the House. The Whip keeps track of legislation and works to make sure that party members vote in the manner desired by the party leader. The Speaker is the leader of the majority party; while the Majority Leader is second-in-command of the party. The Minority Leader is the leader of the minority party.
Leadership of the Senate is the Vice President of the United States. The party leaders have more power, however. Each party has a leader, as well as a whip, considered the second-in-command."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Heitshusen, V. (2007). Committee Types and Roles. Congressional Research Service. Retrieved November 13, 2009 from

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

The Structure of Congress (2012, June 24) Retrieved March 02, 2024, from

MLA Format

"The Structure of Congress" 24 June 2012. Web. 02 March. 2024. <>