The Stages of Human Development
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This paper is based on Erik H. Erikson's theoretical model of life-cycle development, which Erikson believes has a cumulative effect on the individual. Including available research, the author discusses the emotional growth, psychological development, physical maturation and social awareness in the stages of infancy, early childhood, middle childhood, adolescence, early adulthood, middle adulthood and late adulthood. The paper concludes that the most important premise expressed in Erikson's model is that the transition from middle adulthood into late adulthood is a critical nexus at which an individual's previous developmental preparation will predict that individual's success in life.
From the Paper:"As the extreme consequences potential in this period denote, the rate of a child's development is impacted as much by its environmental surroundings as by its individual capabilities. With the right framework and support structure, it is possible to facilitate the proper socialization in a child, thus encouraging the appropriate development of physical, emotional and cognitive abilities. Likewise, a suitable setting for these faculties would offer a stable test sample by which to measure individual progress. The home environment is a key role-player in shaping the early capabilities of children toward all manner of induction, socialization and emotional stability as are the first social contexts into which a child is entered. Erikson's view on early childhood was that this is a period of extremely dynamic integration of stimuli. Erikson would express the view that "during this stage we learn to master skills for ourselves. Not only do we learn to walk, talk and feed ourselves, we are learning finer motor development as well as the much appreciated toilet training. Here we have the opportunity to build self-esteem and autonomy as we gain more control over our bodies and acquire new skills, learning right from wrong.""
Sample of Sources Used:
- Crain, W.C. (1985). Theories of Development. Prentice-Hall.
- Erikson, E.H. (1963). Childhood & Society. W & M Morton & Co.
- Harder, A.F. (2002). The Developmental Stages of Erik Erikson. Learning Place Online.
- Huitt, W., & Hummel, J. (2003). Piaget's theory of cognitive development. Valdosta, GA: Valdosta State University: Educational Psychology Interactive.
- KGI. (2007). Growth Milestone-12 Years: Declaration of Independence. Kids Growth.
Cite this Term Paper:
The Stages of Human Development (2013, February 19) Retrieved September 19, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-stages-of-human-development-152471/
"The Stages of Human Development" 19 February 2013. Web. 19 September. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-stages-of-human-development-152471/>