The Philosophy of Behaviorism
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The paper relates that the discipline of behaviorism was largely developed by B.F. Skinner, John B. Watson, and C.L. Hull, and then outlines behaviorism's conceptual framework. The paper looks at how Skinner often uses Darwinian concepts to discuss how stimulus and response create reinforcement and explains how behaviorists argue against purpose in behavior. Finally, the paper looks at how behaviorists seek to protect the objectivity of science by framing the subject in a controlled environment, thus externalizing a theory.
From the Paper:"Behaviorism is a philosophy of science based on a psychological discourse that emerged in the first half of the twentieth century and continues today. Some current academic publications that continue research in this field include Behavioral Medicine: Relating Behavior and Health, Behavior Genetics: A Journal Devoted to Research in the Inheritance of Behavior, Behavior Research Methods: A Journal of the Psychonomic Society, Inc., Behavioral and Brain Sciences: An International journal of current research and theory with open peer commentary, and many psychological journals including Psychological Review and Psychological Quarterly. The discipline of behaviorism was largely developed by B.F. Skinner, John B. Watson, and C.L. Hull.
""Behaviorism is the conceptual framework underlying a particular science of behavior rather than that science itself. This framework consists of a philosophy of science, a philosophy of mind, an empirical background theory, and an ideology." Zuriff "present[s] a conceptual reconstruction of behaviorism, beginning with a few fundamental premises and then examining their logical development. In following a logical rather than a chronological order, such a reconstructions differs from a history of behaviorism. Yet, the reconstruction [takes] into account ideas proposed throughout the history of behaviorism. . .[P]sychology is a natural science" since it is "to be empirically based and. . .objective. (Zuriff, 1985, p. 1)"
Sample of Sources Used:
- Skinner, B. F. 1974. About Behaviorism. New York: Alfred A. Knopf
- Staddon, John. 1993. Behaviorism: mind, mechanism, and society. London: Gerald Duckworth and Co., Ltd.
- Watson, John B. 1924. Behaviorism. New York: Peoples institute
- Watson, John B. 1928. The Ways of Behaviorism. New York: Harper & Brothers Publishers.
- Zuriff, G. E. 1985. Behaviorism: a conceptual reconstruction. New York: Columbia University Press.
Cite this Term Paper:
The Philosophy of Behaviorism (2013, May 01) Retrieved September 17, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-philosophy-of-behaviorism-152980/
"The Philosophy of Behaviorism" 01 May 2013. Web. 17 September. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-philosophy-of-behaviorism-152980/>