The Link between Health and Occupation Term Paper by orise

The Link between Health and Occupation
A discussion on the link between health and occupation using the PEOP model.
# 153259 | 1,350 words | 7 sources | APA | 2013 | KE
Published on May 12, 2013 in Psychology (Therapies) , Medical and Health (General)

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The paper outlines the PEOP model that considers all aspects of an individual, analyzes their interactions and relationships with each other, and considers all of them during occupational therapy. The paper explains how the model relies on the interactions between an individual's intrinsic and extrinsic/environmental factors that either increase or decrease performance of the roles, activities, and tasks in order to provide a complete treatment and provides a diagram of the model. The paper then focuses on the role of walking according to the PEOP model and addresses the neuro-behavioural factors and skills, cognitive factors, psychological factors, physiological factors and extrinsic or environmental factors involved as well as the link between walking, health and well-being.

Health and Occupation
An Illustration of the PEOP Model
Use of the PEOP Model

From the Paper:

"A distinctive characteristic of the occupational therapy is based on its focus on occupation. One main aspect in this focus that supports the theory of occupational therapy and its practice is the belief in a relationship between health and the occupation of an individual (Christiansen, 2007).
"According to WHO (2003), this link has also been indicated throughout the world whereby many nations have increasingly accepted its value. Kaunnil & Khemthong (2008) claims that individuals affected their health by what they did long before some specific individuals were selected to be specialized in caring for the others' health.
"While the relationship between the two has been ignored often, it has been a major concern in occupational therapy which is not only established on this relationship, but also develops from it. Polatajko et al (2004) argues that occupation has healing characteristics necessary for a healthy life. He argues that health succeeds where occupation of individuals provide meaning and significance to life, besides being considered important by the general society where an individual belongs. According to Whiteford et al (2000) however, engaging in occupations is not an easy task as it involves physical, spiritual, political, psychological and social factors. Departing from occupations or even changing the occupations therefore may lead to an individual highly relying on supports, little confidence, and depression."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Christiansen, C. (2007). Adolf Meyer Revisited: Connections between Lifestyle, resilience and illness. Journal of Occupational Science 14(2), 60 77.
  • Khemthong, S., & Saravitaya, T. (2010). Knowledge translation of self-management concepts for Thais. Journal of Nursing Science. Jul-Sep; 28(3):7-13.
  • Kaunnil, A., & Khemthong, S. (2008). Occupational Therapy - Mahidol Clinic System in Stroke Patients [Thai]. Journal of Health Systems Research, 2(1): 136-149.
  • Polatajko, H. J., Davis, J. A., Hobson, S., Landry, J. E., Mandich, A. D., Street, S.L. et al. (2004). Meeting the responsibility that comes with the privilege: Introducing a taxonomic code for understanding occupation. Canadian Journal of Occupational Therapy, 71(5), 260-265.
  • Stucki, G. (2006). Exploration of the link between conceptual occupational therapy models and the International Classification of Functioning, Disability and Health. Australian Occupational Therapy Journal, 53, 8-16.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

The Link between Health and Occupation (2013, May 12) Retrieved April 18, 2024, from

MLA Format

"The Link between Health and Occupation" 12 May 2013. Web. 18 April. 2024. <>