The History of Vaccines
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The paper looks at the history of vaccines, the statistics regarding some of the most well known diseases and the controversies surrounding vaccines. The paper considers the future of vaccines and concludes that overall, vaccines have had a positive effect on the human population.
From the Paper:"Throughout the 20th century and beyond, vaccines continued to be developed in many forms. According to the Centers for Disease Control (CDC), the most common vaccines include Polio, Measles, Meningitis, Whooping Cough, Rubella, Chicken Pox, Hepatitis B, Diphtheria, Tetanus, and Mumps. Of course, there are numerous other vaccines available, from Tuberculosis and Yellow Fever to the "flu shots" most Americans get at the beginning of every flu season. The use of these vaccines has kept many diseases from spreading around the world, and has wiped out many of the world's deadliest diseases.
"While numbers are not available for every vaccine known to humans, there are some dramatic statistics regarding some of the most well known diseases. For example, the CDC reports, "Before polio vaccine was available, 13,000 to 20,000 cases of paralytic polio were reported each year in the United States. [...] In 1999, as a result of global immunization efforts to eradicate the disease, there were about 2,883 documented cases of polio in the world" (Editors). Another example the CDC reports on is mumps. They state, "An estimated 212,000 cases of mumps occurred in the U.S. in 1964. After vaccine licensure in 1967, reports of mumps decreased rapidly. Since 1989, the incidence of mumps has declined, with an estimated total of 327 cases in 2000" (Editors)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Editors. "What Would Happen if we Stopped Vaccinations." US Department of Health and Human Services. 2009. 21 Oct. 2009.<http://www.hhs.gov/nvpo/factsheets/fs_tableI_doc3.htm>.
- Link, Kurt. The Vaccine Controversy: The History, Use, and Safety of Vaccinations. Westport, CT: Praeger, 2005.
- Skloot, Rebecca. "Under the Skin: A History of the Vaccine Debate Goes Deep but Misses the Drama." Columbia Journalism Review Jan.-Feb. 2007: 59+.
- Stern, Alexandra Minna and Markel, Howard. "The History Of Vaccines And Immunization: Familiar Patterns, New Challenges." Health Affairs, 24, no. 3 2005. 611-621.
Cite this Term Paper:
The History of Vaccines (2012, May 20) Retrieved August 16, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-history-of-vaccines-151056/
"The History of Vaccines" 20 May 2012. Web. 16 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-history-of-vaccines-151056/>