The History of American Law Enforcement Term Paper by Nicky

A brief look at the evolution of modern American policing.
# 151287 | 725 words | 4 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 31, 2012 in Criminology (Criminal Justice and Corrections) , History (General)


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Description:

The paper looks at the early history and evolution of American policing and describes the development of constitutional standards of police and criminal procedure. The paper then discusses the latter decades of the 20th century, and how American law enforcement and policing have become world class in terms of their organizational sophistication, operational capabilities and ethical values. The paper includes an outline.

Outline:
Introduction and Thesis Statement
The Early History and Evolution of Modern American Policing
Contemporary American Policing

From the Paper:

"The history of American policing goes back approximately three and a half centuries to the middle of the 17th century. At that time, some of the larger American cities established independent systems of hiring local residents to patrol neighborhoods in much the same manner as the earliest organized "bucket brigades" that were the precursors of modern firefighting. Policing evolved gradually in the United States, progressing through various stages and very difficult periods, particularly during eras of rampant political corruption in large cities such as New York during the 19th century and the Prohibition era between 1920 and 1933 when organized crime largely succeeded in undermining the attempt to establish and maintain honorable policing standards. However, since the latter decades of the 20th century, American law enforcement and policing have become world class in terms of their organizational sophistication, operational capabilities, and ethical values.
"The first formally organized and funded municipal police department was the New York City Police Department in 1845, followed shortly after by several of the other largest American cities such as Boston, Cincinnati, and Philadelphia within the next decade (Conlon, 2004; Scmalleger, 2008). Nevertheless, throughout much of the nation, law enforcement was still largely unchanged from the vigilante justice-based system, particularly throughout the untamed territories of the Western Territories known as the "Wild West." The first federal law enforcement agencies such as the U.S. Marshals and the U.S. Secret Service also emerged in this period."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Conlon, E. (2004). Blue Blood. New York: Riverhead.
  • Johnson, B. "A Look at Fusion Centers: Working Together to Protect America." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin; Vol. 76, No.12 (2007).
  • Schmalleger, F. (2008). Criminal Justice Today: An Introductory Text for the 21st Century. Hoboken, NJ: Prentice Hall.
  • Spiller, S. (2006) "The FBI's Field Intelligence Groups and Police: Joining Forces." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin; Vol. 75, No. 5 (2006).

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

The History of American Law Enforcement (2012, May 31) Retrieved December 08, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-history-of-american-law-enforcement-151287/

MLA Format

"The History of American Law Enforcement" 31 May 2012. Web. 08 December. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-history-of-american-law-enforcement-151287/>

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