The Field of Industrial/Organizational Psychology Term Paper by MommyS

A look at the fundamental concepts of the field of industrial/organizational psychology.
# 150641 | 989 words | 1 source | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Mar 28, 2012 in Business (Human Resources) , Psychology (General)

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The paper describes the evolution of the field of industrial/organizational psychology and explains how industrial/organizational psychology is different from other disciplines of psychology. The paper looks at how industrial/organization psychology can be used in organizations and at the role of research and statistics in industrial/organizational psychology.

Evolution of the Field
Differences of the Field
Organizational Use
Role of Research and Statistics

From the Paper:

"In the late 1800s into the early 1900s, psychologists began to turn their attention to issues in job performance and organizational efficiency (Spector, 2008). Psychologists such as Hugo Munsterberg and Walter Dill Scott, considered the founders of I/O psychology, were influenced by many other fields: industrial engineering, management, social psychology, and sociology (Spector, 2008). In the beginning, Industrial psychology looked at the management perspective of organizational efficiency. Industrial psychology focused on effectively using the people within an organization, referred to as human resources (Spector, 2008). This was the focal point of Hugo Munsterberg's research, working on employee selection and training (Spector, 2008). Psychological testing was created to assist with effective job placement, putting people in jobs that met their skills. Robert Yerkes, and a number of other psychologists, used these tests to assist the Army with proper placement of recruits at the start of WWI (Spector, 2008). This first large-scale application of psychological testing for I/O purposes led to mass testing in other areas as well, such as education (Spector, 2008). In the years between WWI and WWII, Industrial psychology grew exponentially and began to change."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Spector, P. E. (2008). Industrial and organizational psychology (5th ed.). Hoboken, NJ: Wiley.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

The Field of Industrial/Organizational Psychology (2012, March 28) Retrieved October 04, 2022, from

MLA Format

"The Field of Industrial/Organizational Psychology" 28 March 2012. Web. 04 October. 2022. <>