The Evolving Science of Archeology
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This paper traces the development of modern archeology, showing the influences that caused man to become interested in the past. The interest taken in monuments and relics of the past is shown in a cultural context, with the author citing the outlooks of different groups at various points in history. The author also describes when archeology became a science as opposed to an opportunity to profit financially with items pilfered from ancient sites. Charles Darwin's view on archeology is highlighted in the paper. The paper concludes by crediting the discovery of major ancient sites in the 19th century as the springboard for the modern science of archeology.
From the Paper:"To understand how archeology became a modern discipline, it is important to remember that while today, an interest in the past is taken for granted, after the end of the Roman Empire it was the present and the future that was of interest, either in Christian terms in the sense that the Second Coming was at hand but also the difficulties for many peasants of simply surviving to the next day. Past, dead civilizations were despised as heretical or irrelevant. According to scholar Brian Fagan "One of the most popular hobbies in America today is collecting Indian arrowheads. But this is a new interest, new at least when considered in terms of the centuries. For hundreds of years Europeans seem to have been oblivious even to the existence of such things. Millions of people must have seen stone axes, spear points, and arrowheads in plowed fields and dried-up stream beds or on eroded hillsides, but they did not notice them. To them such things were just so many more rocks" "
Sample of Sources Used:
- Fagan, Brian M. A Brief History of Archeology. New York: Prentice Hall, 2004.
- Hirst, K. Krist. "The History of Archeology." About.com. 12 Oct 2008. http://archaeology.about.com/cs/educationalresour/a/history1.htm
Cite this Term Paper:
The Evolving Science of Archeology (2010, June 16) Retrieved January 18, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-evolving-science-of-archeology-127923/
"The Evolving Science of Archeology" 16 June 2010. Web. 18 January. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-evolving-science-of-archeology-127923/>