The Dream of Democracy in the Middle East Term Paper by Sala6a

A discussion on authoritarian governments in the Middle East and the potential impact of the Arab Spring revolutions.
# 149907 | 2,774 words | 3 sources | MLA | 2011 | US
Published on Jan 11, 2012 in Political Science (Non-U.S.) , Middle Eastern Studies (General)

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The paper explains the two main ways through which the oppressive regimes in the Middle East have come into power and held onto that power. The paper discusses these regimes' lack of a strong civil society and a market-driven economy, inadequate income and literacy levels and their repressive military and police that triggered the Arab Spring revolutions. The paper looks at the process of democratization in the region and the multiple scenarios that may evolve as a result of the recent upheaval.

History of these Dictatorships
How these Regimes Remained in Power
The Arab Spring
The Outcomes of the Uprising

From the Paper:

"There are two main systems of government in the Middle East: monarchies and semi-democratic republics. Monarchies are governments in which the authority as whole is in the hands of a single group of people, who are mostly of royal descent. The head of state in those cases, who usually possess the title of king or queen, is guaranteed to be in office until death or abdication, and their children are often expected to hold that title after them and so on (Burgess, 1996). The system of Absolute Monarchy is more common in the Middle East than anywhere else in the world, and despite the fact thatthere are parts of the Middle East that consider themselves to be democratic republics with parliaments, in reality, they all fall under this category due to the extreme authoritarianism in those states. Most of the states in the Arabian Peninsula, as well as the North African region, are considered absolute monarchies where the head of state maintains power and passes it on to their families after them. The authoritarian nature of these corrupt regimes has recently caused the people of these states to revolt against it in what has been widely described as the "Arab Spring"."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Agha, Hussein, and Robert Malley. "The Arab Counterrevolution." New York Review of Books. (September 29, 2011): n. page. Web. 29 Nov. 2011. <>.
  • Furtig, Henner. The Arab Authoritarian Regime between Reform and Persistence. Newcastle, UK: Cambridge Scholars Publishing, 2007. Print.
  • Bellin, Eva. "The Robustness of Authoritarianism in the Middle East: Exceptionalism in Comparative Perspective." Diss. Comparative Politics, Jan., 2004),. Web. <>.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

The Dream of Democracy in the Middle East (2012, January 11) Retrieved June 09, 2023, from

MLA Format

"The Dream of Democracy in the Middle East" 11 January 2012. Web. 09 June. 2023. <>