The Definition and Assessment of Intelligence
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The paper discusses the concept of 'general intelligence' and how it is often pitted against Howard Gardner's concept of 'multiple intelligences'. The paper discusses how Gardner contends that all current IQ tests overemphasize the academic components of intelligence and present only an incomplete picture of the test-taker's potential. The paper explains the socially-constructed nature of intelligence and looks at objections to intelligence tests like the Stanford-Binet and Wechsler. Finally, the paper considers the significant repercussions of intelligence tests like the Iowa, the SATs, the Stanford-Binet and Wechsler.
From the Paper:"Intelligence tests are often contrasted against personality tests, in which different characteristics are viewed to exist as unrelated to one another. For example, in a standard Myers-Briggs personality test, a person can be 'extroverted' and a 'judging' type or 'introverted' and a 'judging' type. Different personality characteristics do not necessarily link together. However, most theorists today believe, intelligence does possess a general component. This component can be extrapolated from the different tests used to assess individual intelligence-- "This is true regardless of what specific ability a test is meant to assess, regardless of the test's manifest content (whether words, numbers or figures) and regardless of the way the test is administered (in written or oral form, to an individual or to a group). Tests of specific mental abilities do measure those abilities, but they all reflect g to varying degrees as well. Hence, the g factor can be extracted from scores on any diverse battery of tests" (Gottfredson 2010). In other words, although some people might perform better on tests of verbal intelligence, others upon mathematical intelligence, people with high 'g' quotients tend to excel overall on all types of intelligence tests, regardless of the test's specific emphasis."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Achievement tests. (2011). Institute of Mental Measurements. Retrieved June 9, 2011 athttp://www.unl.edu/buros/bimm/html/index01.html
- Becker, Kirt. (2003). History of the Stanford-Binet Intelligence Scales. Houghton-Mifflin. Retrieved June 8, 2011 at http://www.assess.nelson.com/pdf/sb5-asb1.pdf
- Gilman, Linda. (2001). Theory of Multiple Intelligences. Intelligence Theory.Retrieved June 8, 2011 at http://www.indiana.edu/~intell/mitheory.shtml
- Gottfredson, Linda S. The General Intelligence Factor. Scientific American. Retrieved June 8, 2011 at http://www.psych.utoronto.ca/users/reingold/courses/intelligence/cache/1198gottfred.htm
- Ford-Martin, Paula Anne. (1999). Wechsler intelligence test. Encyclopedia of Medicine. FindArticles.com. Retrieved June 9, 2011 athttp://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_g2601/is_0014/ai_2601001473
Cite this Term Paper:
The Definition and Assessment of Intelligence (2013, June 11) Retrieved July 14, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-definition-and-assessment-of-intelligence-153539/
"The Definition and Assessment of Intelligence" 11 June 2013. Web. 14 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-definition-and-assessment-of-intelligence-153539/>