The Debate of Democratization
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This paper discusses the issues in the debate about democratization and focuses on two main points, namely, the extent to which a nation can control its decision-making process in a historical context, and the extent to which the people would accept such reforms. The paper considers the charter of the United Nations and its very limited success and points out that democratization is threatened by a number of threats, particularly globalization.
From the Paper:"The 1980s and 1990s saw dramatic changes take place around the world. The Latin American dictatorships had steadily begun to decline, Communism as a political ideology failed with the fall of Soviet Union and the East European bloc and the racist regime in South Africa finally came to an end. A number of scholars argue now that capitalist democracy has spread to fill the political vacuums that were left by the recession of authoritarianism. The fact that democratization has taken place is unquestionable. In fact David Potter, the editor of the book Democratization explains that as recently as 1975, there has been a significant increase in the number of democratic nations around the world (Potter, 1997). In 1975 68.7% of nations were ruled by authoritarian regimes compared to 23.8% by liberal democratic regimes, but by 1995 the numbers were 26.2% and 47.6% respectively. The fact that global political relations are increasingly turning into an important field of study has provoked idealists to pursue it for many years now. The Treaty of Westphalia in 1648 set down guidelines for the relationships of nations with one another. Needless to say this system was mainly dependent on self-interest as being the prime motivating factor in maintaining international interests between the state.s"
Cite this Term Paper:
The Debate of Democratization (2003, October 24) Retrieved July 09, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-debate-of-democratization-43321/
"The Debate of Democratization" 24 October 2003. Web. 09 July. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-debate-of-democratization-43321/>