The Civil War: Its Impact on Today's American Society
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This paper examines how the Civil War still has a lingering effect on today's American society. The paper explains that this terrible conflict has impacted American politics, culture, economics and social values in many ways, but the political effects of the Union victory over the rebelling Confederacy have been perhaps the most important, for had the South won the Civil War, the existence of two rival countries at the center of the North American continent would have greatly altered future political, economic, cultural, and social developments. The paper looks at how, because of the Civil War, the federal government and federal bureaucracy became much more powerful, and the American president's war powers were significantly expanded. The paper then points out that progress against racial prejudice and discrimination began to be made, but nearly a century passed before racial segregation was ended and racial equality was accepted by most of the American people. The paper also discusses how the Civil War led to loyalty to America instead of loyalty to one's state, great industrial expansion, the creation of a national media, growing world trade, the development of active and powerful labor unions, and the establishment of an economic foundation that made the United States a global economic superpower within a hundred years. In conclusion, the paper shows that in terms of cultural changes, the Civil War led to a growing cultural sophistication across the United States in the form of increased public interest in literature, poetry, the theater, and art.
From the Paper:"Fite (1983) notes that in terms of domestic politics, the expansion of federal authority required to win the Civil War created a huge and powerful central government in Washington D.C. and established a lasting precedent of centralized federal government power. Before the war broke out in 1861, the federal government was relatively weak, and the states retained significant political power. But during the war years, the Lincoln administration and the United States Congress were compelled to expand their powers in order to save the Union, and these powers resulted in an enlarged federal bureaucracy which, once established, was reluctant to give up the broad range of powers it had acquired during the war."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Fite, Emerson. (1983). Social and Cultural Conditions in the North During the Civil War. New York: AMS Press.
- Fogel, Robert. (1995). Time on the Cross: The Economics of American Negro Slavery. New York: W. W. Norton.
- McPherson, James. (1989). Battle Cry of Freedom: The Civil War Era. New York: Ballantine Books.
Cite this Term Paper:
The Civil War: Its Impact on Today's American Society (2008, May 28) Retrieved June 01, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-civil-war-its-impact-on-today-american-society-103840/
"The Civil War: Its Impact on Today's American Society" 28 May 2008. Web. 01 June. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-civil-war-its-impact-on-today-american-society-103840/>