The Civil War and 20th Century America Term Paper by Master Researcher

The Civil War and 20th Century America
A discussion on influence of the Civil War on 20th century America.
# 35189 | 900 words | 4 sources | MLA | 2002 | US
Published on Sep 23, 2003 in History (U.S. After 1865)

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This paper discusses how the Civil War, more than any other event in our history, shaped the United States in the twentieth century in terms of politics, culture, economics and social values. The paper explains how in political terms, the federal government and federal bureaucracy became more powerful, and the president's war powers were expanded, while socially, slavery was abolished, the former southern plantation society died out and progress against prejudice and racial discrimination began to be made. The paper explains how economically, the Civil War led to great industrial expansion in America and growing world trade, and finally, in terms of culture, the Civil War led to a growing cultural sophistication across the United States in the form of increased interest in the theater, literature and art.

From the Paper:

"The political effects of the Union victory over the rebelling Confederacy have been perhaps the most important. Had the South won the Civil War, the existence of two rival countries at the center of the North American continent would have greatly altered future political, economic, cultural, and social developments to such an extent that the world as we know it would never have come about. The United States would have never become the global superpower that saved the world from German militarism in World War I, from fascism in World War II, or from communism during the half-century of the Cold War with the Soviet Union. (Fite)
"In domestic political terms, the pressures of the Civil War created a huge and powerful central government in Washington D.C. Before the war broke out, the federal government was relatively weak, and states wielded much political power. During the war years, Lincoln's administration as well as the United States Congress were compelled to expand their powers in order to save the Union, and these powers resulted in an enlarged federal bureaucracy, which, once established, was reluctant to give up the powers it had acquired."

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