The Battle of Marathon: Strategy and Significance Term Paper by Nicky

An analysis of the victory of the Athenians against the the Persian army in the Battle of Marathon, 490 B.C.
# 150065 | 1,787 words | 5 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 24, 2012 in History (Greek and Roman)


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Description:

The paper discusses two primary reasons behind the Athenians' victory at Marathon; their familiarity with the landscape and an innovative and reactive military strategy. The paper details how the Athenians' superior knowledge of the particular geographic features of the battlefield and the surrounding area allowed them to develop a strategy that would trap and defeat the much larger Persian army.

From the Paper:

"There were two primary ingredients to the Athenian's victory at Marathon. First, the Athenians has an obvious home-field advantage: they new the lay of the land, and were defending their homes and way of life, whereas the Persians had landed only recently and were fighting largely out of greed. The second factor that was decisive in leading to an Athenian victory was the superior strategy employed by the Athenian generals, most notably Militades, who had himself fought in the Persian army and knew the tactics, strengths, and weaknesses of the enemy he was now facing. It was the combination of familiarity with the landscape and an innovative and reactive strategy that allowed the Athenians to emerge victorious despite the odds.
"Geography is an immensely important factor in deciding the outcome of a battle, which can be seen very clearly in many modern examples. In Vietnam, for instance, the north Vietnamese were able to use their knowledge of the jungle terrain to wage effective small skirmishes from heavy camouflage. In the Middle East, mountains serve to hide soldiers and units, again making guerilla warfare more effective. In ancient times, landscape was arguably an even more important factor in battle as technology, both in terms of weaponry and available transportation, limited an army's ability to overcome topographical obstacles. The Athenians used this fact--and their superior knowledge of the particular geographic features of the battlefield and the surrounding area--to develop a strategy that would trap and defeat the much larger Persian army, and then allow them to pursue the remnants of the invading force."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • "Background on the battle of Marathon." (2004). Accessed 3 August 2009. http://www.guilford.k12.ct.us/~rebhunj/documents/DAY6MARATHON.pdf
  • Foster, J. (2009). "Battle of Marathon: Greeks versus the Persians." Accessed 3 August 2009. http://www.historynet.com/battle-of-marathon-greeks-versus-the-persians.htm
  • Gill, N.S. (2009). "Persian wars: The battle of Marathon." Accessed 3 August 2009. http://ancienthistory.about.com/od/persianwararticles/a/MarathonBattle.htm
  • Herodotus. "The Persian Wars." Histories. Accessed 3 August 2009. http://www.thenagain.info/Classes/Sources/Herodotus-Marathon.html
  • "The Battle of Marathon, 490 BC." (2006). EyeWitness to History. Accessed 3 August 2009. http://www.eyewitnesstohistory.com/marathon.htm

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

The Battle of Marathon: Strategy and Significance (2012, January 24) Retrieved February 05, 2023, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-battle-of-marathon-strategy-and-significance-150065/

MLA Format

"The Battle of Marathon: Strategy and Significance" 24 January 2012. Web. 05 February. 2023. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/the-battle-of-marathon-strategy-and-significance-150065/>

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