Terrorism and the Pyrrhic Defeat Theory Term Paper by Nicky

Terrorism and the Pyrrhic Defeat Theory
A discussion on the connection between terrorism and Jeffrey Reiman's Pyrrhic defeat theory.
# 151044 | 986 words | 3 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 20, 2012 in Political Science (Terrorism) , Sociology (General)

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The paper discusses how according to Jeffrey Reiman's "The Rich Get Richer and the Poor get Prison", institutions ostensibly designed to fight crime often actually perpetuate crime. The paper explains his thesis that the criminal justice system only benefits those in power, and the failure to alleviate poverty results in acts of radicalism and terrorism. The paper discusses how the social mechanisms that promote terrorism are similar to those that perpetuate poverty and crime, and looks at contemporary events to illustrate how people turn to terrorism for social solidarity.

From the Paper:

"Reiman wrote the first edition of his seminal work in 1979, when issues of race and crime predominantly figured in the American consciousness. However, in an ironic turn of history, it is noteworthy that the Iranian hostage standoff was taking place at the American embassy during this time period. Iran was a poor nation that turned to Islamic fundamentalism as a way of articulating resistance against its dictatorial leader, the Shah. The Shah supported by the United States as an ardent anti-communist but was quite oppressive and did little to address the problems of poverty in his nation. This is an example of how the failure to alleviate poverty not only results in street crime, but also acts of radicalism and terrorism. The social network and support provided by terrorism gives a voice to the voiceless, and a sense of affecting larger society. "People turn to terrorism for social solidarity...people join terrorist organizations worldwide in order to be part of a community, much like the reason inner-city youths join gangs in the United States" (Schneier 2008). Often the cause is less important than the sense of solidarity a group conveys: "individual terrorists often have no prior involvement with a group's political agenda, and often join multiple terrorist groups with incompatible platforms...and often can't describe the political goals of their organizations" (Schneier 2008). They often are socially isolated or have close friends or relatives who are members of the group that recruits them."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Reiman, J. (2007). The rich get richer and the poor get prison. Boston, MA: Pearson Publications Inc.
  • Schneier, Bruce. (2008. October 2). The seven habits of highly ineffective terrorists.Wired. Retrieved October 25, 2009 at http://www.wired.com/politics/security/commentary/securitymatters/2008/10/securitymatters_1002
  • Scully, Kristen. (2009). Jeffrey Reiman: A critical criminologist. Florida State University.Retrieved October 25, 2009 at http://www.criminology.fsu.edu/crimtheory/reiman.htm

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Terrorism and the Pyrrhic Defeat Theory (2012, May 20) Retrieved July 02, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/terrorism-and-the-pyrrhic-defeat-theory-151044/

MLA Format

"Terrorism and the Pyrrhic Defeat Theory" 20 May 2012. Web. 02 July. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/terrorism-and-the-pyrrhic-defeat-theory-151044/>