Suburbanization in the Creation of Metropolitan Areas Term Paper by scribbler

Suburbanization in the Creation of Metropolitan Areas
A look at the role and process of suburbanization in the creation of metropolitan areas.
# 153473 | 1,035 words | 8 sources | MLA | 2013 | US
Published on Jun 04, 2013 in Environmental Studies (Urban Issues) , Urban Studies (General)

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The paper discusses the urbanization in industrial cities, how it results in employment by the working-class and how it creates settlements in industrial suburbs. The paper shows how small cities develop into metropolises and looks at Chicago as an example of urbanization and suburban development. The paper highlights the demographic and ethnic consequences of urbanization and reveals that the rate of suburbanization for African Americans have been slow and underachieved. The paper points out the need to have better town planning in cases of expansion where the suburbs are treated as a part of the metropolis.

The Suburbanization and Metro Areas
Case of Chicago

From the Paper:

"The divide between city and rural areas and the rise of the metropolis were features of the previous century. While the development of cities had its own problems, the development of the cities into metropolises created new hinterlands that other cities did not have. The new type of development across the metropolitan areas and its periphery came to be called urbanization. The process of suburban development in the United States was a result of the growth of the middle and upper classes. But there was also urbanization in industrial cities resulting in employment by the working-class that created settlements in industrial suburbs. Modern scholars identify three types of suburban growth- One the residential suburbs created by the rich and the second the industrial suburbs and the third, the development of 'unincorporated districts at the urban fringe.' (Harris; Larkham, 91)
"One important factor that shows proper development and planning is the way the land use criterion is seen in development. Land use came to be institutionalized more after the Second World War. There were thus non market controls on the economics of land. In the United States, the suburbanization has brought about changes in the institutions that govern the metropolis, and has also changed the nature of infrastructure and transport."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Banfield, Edward C; Grodzins, Morton. Government and Housing in Metropolitan Areas. McGraw-Hill: New York.
  • Clawson, Marion. Suburban Land Conversion in the United States: An Economic and Governmental Process. Resources for the Future: Baltimore, 1971.
  • Fellmann, Jerome Donald; Getis, Arthur; Getis, Judith. (1997) Human geography: landscapes of human activities. William C Brown Pub.
  • Harris, Richard; Larkham, Peter J. Changing Suburbs: Foundation, Form, and Function. Routledge: London, 1999.
  • Koval, John P; Bennett, Larry; Bennett, Michael I. J; Demissie, Fassil; Garner, Roberta; Kim, Kiljoong. The New Chicago: A Social and Cultural Analysis. Temple University Press: Philadelphia, 2006.

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