Substance Abuse, Alcohol and Crime
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This paper discusses juvenile illicit drug use that is widely regarded as one of today's most important social concerns, and uses the tripartite conceptual model to understand the drug-crime relationship. The paper addresses three main types of drug related crime; psychopharmacologically driven crime, systemic crime and economically compulsive crime, and looks at the research on the use, sale, manufacture, distribution and possession of illegal drugs, and the pharmacological effects certain drugs have on a user's behavior in promoting criminal actions. Next, the paper discusses the state of progressively decreased responsiveness to a drug known as drug tolerance and examines the four major kinds of psychoactive drugs. The paper shows how the relationship between crime and drugs is complex, involving interactions among numerous pharmacological, social and psychological variables, and also notes that substance abuse is more of a health problem than one of a crime problem.
From the Paper:"In order to understand the effects of any drug, the pharmacological, psychological, psychosocial, and interacting variables all must be taken into account. The relationship between drugs and crime is further complicated by the cultural, sub cultural and ethnographic aspects of drug consumption. A helpful way to understanding the drug-crime relationship is the tripartite conceptual model. There are three main types of drug related crime: 1) psychopharmacologically driven crime, 2) systemic crime and 3) economically compulsive crime. The psychopharmacological component of the model presupposes that some individual, as a result of short-term or long-term ingestion of specific drugs or chemical substances become excitable and irrational and demonstrate violent behavior. The systemic component of the model hypothesizes that crime arises out of the system of drug trafficking and distribution and economically compulsive crime refers to criminal behavior that supports an expensive drug addiction.
"The relationship between drugs and crime is often viewed from two perspectives: 1) the use, sale, manufacture, distribution and possession of illegal drugs, all of which are themselves crimes and 2) the pharmacological effects certain drugs have on a user's behavior in promoting criminal actions. Research on these two perspectives has brought about the following conclusions."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bartol, Curt R. and Bartol, Anne M. (2010). Substance Abuse, Alcohol and Crime. Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach. (p. 53-84). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Cite this Term Paper:
Substance Abuse, Alcohol and Crime (2013, March 21) Retrieved October 18, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/substance-abuse-alcohol-and-crime-152582/
"Substance Abuse, Alcohol and Crime" 21 March 2013. Web. 18 October. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/substance-abuse-alcohol-and-crime-152582/>