Standardized Testing - Issues and Concerns Term Paper by Nicky

A look at issues involved in standardized testing.
# 149828 | 1,213 words | 5 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 02, 2012 in Education (Education Psychology) , Education (Theory)


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Description:

This paper examines the importance of standardized tests and several issues involved in reliance solely upon their results. First, the paper traces the history of using standardized tests to measure students' progress and aptitude. Then, it discusses problems of relying on standardized academic testing. This is followed by an evaluation of the benefits of standardized testing, which notes in particular that they allow objective data to be confirmed empirically, they have a high degree of reliability and validity, in addition to also being readily replicated in large populations of students. Next, the paper analyzes the use and results of standardized tests in light of modern educational theory. This is explores in light of the No Child Left Behind program. The paper concludes by stating that although standardized testing could provide a useful means of evaluating students' performance, the current direction of emphasizing standardized testing as the sole measure of student performance inspired by the NCLB concept is tremendously detrimental to modern American education.

Outline:

Introduction to the Issue
The Standardized Testing Concept
Implications of Modern Education Theory
NCLB and Consequences of Inappropriate Reliance on Standardized Testing
Conclusion - Distinguishing Appropriate and Inappropriate Use of Standardized Testing

From the Paper:

"Standard achievement tests evolved as a means of evaluating the academic progress of students, in addition to also being used to measure relative aptitude or existing learning level in connection with program assignment and qualification. The advantage of standardized testing is that it offers a comparatively convenient method of evaluating large numbers of students using the fewest possible human and economic resources. Likewise, standard academic achievement testing provides volumes of empirical information that is, in several ways, preferable to some of the principle alternatives to standardized testing.
"There are also several disadvantages to reliance on standardized academic testing. It provides a one-dimensional (i.e. right or wrong) approach to knowledge and may disadvantage certain students (and at both ends of the scoring spectrum). It may magnify other fundamental problems with contemporary education from the perspective of modern educational theorists and it can generate test-oriented curriculum design and instruction that undermine its diagnostic accuracy and validity."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Darling-Hammond, L. (2004). "NCLB Implementation Challenges: The Local Superintendent's View" Peabody Journal of Education, 80, 156-169.
  • Gardner, H. (1999). Intelligence Reframed Multiple Intelligences for the 21st Century. New York: Basic Books.
  • Huber, R., and Moore, C. (2001). "A Model for Extending Hands-on Science To Be Inquiry Based" School Science and Mathematics, 101(1), 32.
  • Murray, C. (2006). "Acid Tests: No Child Left Behind is Beyond Uninformative. It Is Deceptive" The Wall Street Journal, July 25, 2006. Retrieved July 31, 2009, from: http://www.opinionjournal.com/editorial/feature.html?id=110008701
  • Sonnenblick, J. (2008). "Killing Me Softly: No Child Left Behind" School Library Journal, May 1, 2008, Retrieved July 31, 2009, from: http://www.schoollibraryjournal.com/article/CA6555540.html

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Standardized Testing - Issues and Concerns (2012, January 02) Retrieved August 14, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/standardized-testing-issues-and-concerns-149828/

MLA Format

"Standardized Testing - Issues and Concerns" 02 January 2012. Web. 14 August. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/standardized-testing-issues-and-concerns-149828/>

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