Special Education: Past and Present
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This paper looks at the history of special education and discusses the role and responsibility of the special educator. The paper addresses the issue of inclusion and relates that most educators and experts in the field of special education agree that it is their responsibility to offer the least restrictive environment for students with special needs. The paper shows how the struggle to provide special education for those with disabilities has been a long, ongoing battle that is not yet over.
From the Paper:"To chart the history of the philosophy of special education is essentially to chart the increasing progression of human value accorded those who differ from their peers to the extent that they possess what society calls a disability. In terms of the responsibility of society, early efforts at ameliorating the devastating impact to individuals with disabilities, as well as the devastating impact to their families, involved little more than half-hearted and ineffective attempts to reduce the prevailing widespread dehumanizing treatment, social rejection and abandonment they experienced.
"Although the history of special education can be traced as far back as Plato's idea that children with extraordinary intellectual ability should be provided special training, the beginning of special education is often marked by the work of Jean Itard in the eighteenth century. Varin (1998) notes that in the early nineteenth century, special education procedures for teaching school skills to pupils with sensory handicaps were championed by another pioneer in the field, Thomas Gallaudet, who demonstrated that students with profound hearing loss could be taught meanings for words by special educators through repeated simultaneous presentations of a printed word and a picture of what the word represented."
Cite this Term Paper:
Special Education: Past and Present (2003, September 19) Retrieved August 22, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/special-education-past-and-present-35021/
"Special Education: Past and Present" 19 September 2003. Web. 22 August. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/special-education-past-and-present-35021/>