Special Education: Attitude, Litigation and Legislation Term Paper by Nicky

This paper examines the shifting trends in special education via litigation and legislation.
# 150039 | 745 words | 1 source | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jan 22, 2012 in Education (Special) , Law (General)


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Description:

The paper discusses how prior to the 1970s, many states had laws that specifically allowed them to deny education to children with special needs or learning disabilities, and few states had any legislation that actually ensured any form of public education for these children. The paper then looks at the more recent litigation and legislation that demonstrates the shift in attitude among parents of special needs children and other schoolchildren, teachers, administrators, and public policy makers towards these special needs children. The paper concludes with the writer's strong feelings regarding the need for children with special needs to be offered the same chances and encouragement as regular children.

Outline:
Abstract
Introduction
Major Shifts in Public Policy and Attitude
Conclusion

From the Paper:

"Though special education continues to evolve, just as traditional theories and practices of education do, a large part of the responsibility for the overall change in special education delivery in this country is borne by a handful of cases in the courts, and the passages of several federal laws mandating higher standards for, and an increased availability of, special education (ERIC 1998). Prior to the 1970s, many states had laws that specifically allowed them to deny education to children with special needs or learning disabilities, and few states had any legislation that actually ensured any form of public education for these children (ERIC 1998). The majority of children with special needs were educated inasmuch as possible by their parents or, when affordable, in private institutions; most were not given educations that were sufficient even in providing basic life skills and knowledge to these students (ERIC 1998).
"In 1972, the Pennsylvania Association for Retarded Children, or PARC, went to the state courts to challenge a law denying a public education to children with mental disabilities and other handicaps (ERIC 1998). PARC won their case, with the court ruling that all children, including those with identified special needs, were entitled to a "free, appropriate public education" (Eric 1998). This case, and several others that challenged similar laws and/or de facto education practices, led in 1975 to Public Law 94-142, now better known as the Education for All Handicapped Children Act (ERIC 1998). This piece of federal legislation mandated that all children receive the "free, appropriate public education" at their local institutions."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • ERIC. (1998). Accessed 5 August 2009. http://eric.hoagiesgifted.org/faq/spedlegl.html

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Special Education: Attitude, Litigation and Legislation (2012, January 22) Retrieved August 13, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/special-education-attitude-litigation-and-legislation-150039/

MLA Format

"Special Education: Attitude, Litigation and Legislation" 22 January 2012. Web. 13 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/special-education-attitude-litigation-and-legislation-150039/>

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