Slavery in Latin America
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This paper charts the history of American slavery in Latin American countries and argues that the development of the "new world" rode heavily on the backs of slaves who were forced into whatever productive economic endeavor colonial powers sought to further. The paper also points out that slavery, began in Brazil and other Latin American countries with the enslavement of indigenous people, but that the importation of millions of African slaves to North America, was a result of the need for cheap labor particularly in the sugar-cane fields and cotton plantations.
From the Paper:"Brazilwood was rapidly eclipsed by sugar and other crops once the deforestation of the region began to take shape and allow for additional crop planting, and nearly at the same time African slavery became the norm. The trend leaning toward African slavery, which also generated an substantial profit for many colonial interests was being utilized in the Mediterranean and some smaller island agricultural colonies but would not cease to amaze the world in scale when it was introduced to Brazil, as the indigenous populations were not nearly enough to develop regional success in agriculture even though the land was ripe for production. The resulting developments in sugar sales, changed dramatically as the demand increased, following introduction of sugar at relatively low prices. Sugar became a refined social marker that the people were then willing to pay for and it stretched across Europe in a wave similar to spices, then tea then coffee. It is in fact akin to coffee in its history and development, as the early production of coffee in Africa was not favorable, as there was no taste for the "crude" drink in Europe until tea became scarce and then coffee began to gain favor. For sugar the distribution channels changed and those who had gotten in on the ground floor held high esteem and higher profit when it became a refined necessity on the tables of many Europeans. Colonial interests were then able to expand production of sugar, as well as other specialized products specifically tailored to the climate and regions in the vast Brazilian continent, almost completely unabated by the indigenous populations, which required only minimal submission, as compared to that of the more developed cultures in North America and the northern most aspects of South America."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Andrews, George Reid. Afro-Latin America, 1800-2000. New York: Oxford University Press, 2004.
- Azevedo, Fernando de. Brazilian Culture: An Introduction to the Study of Culture in Brazil. Translated by Crawford, William Rex. New York: Macmillan, 1950.
- Burdick, John. "The Long Night of Slavery." Report on the Americas 25, no. 4 (1992): 38-39.
- Coclanis, Peter A. "Slavery in the Development of the Americas." Journal of Southern History 71, no. 3 (2005): 660.
- Drescher, Seymour and Stanley L. Engerman, eds. A Historical Guide to World Slavery. New York: Oxford University Press, 1998.
Cite this Term Paper:
Slavery in Latin America (2010, September 01) Retrieved June 17, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/slavery-in-latin-america-129112/
"Slavery in Latin America" 01 September 2010. Web. 17 June. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/slavery-in-latin-america-129112/>