Single Parents in the Military Term Paper by Nicky

Single Parents in the Military
A review of work-life and social support theories in the context of single parents in the military.
# 151573 | 1,267 words | 8 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on Jun 26, 2012 in Sociology (Theory) , Sociology (Welfare) , Military (General)

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This paper discusses the work-life and social support theories and then applies these theories to documented cases and surveys of parenthood from the perspective of single parents in the military. The paper highlights the importance of formal and informal family support networks to single parents and finds that this issue requires more improvement and attention from policy-makers.

Work-Life (Spillover) and Social Support Theories
Single Parents in the Military

From the Paper:

"Negative and positive spillovers result from the absence or presence and (if present) high or low levels of the following factors, considered relevant to work-life (or work-family) spillovers: general life satisfaction, work satisfaction, work-related variables (eg job role in the organization), extra-workplace contexts (ie, the kind of organizational structure the individual belongs to), and (positive or negative) physiological condition (Pryor, Harlow & Howles, 1982:8). Among these factors, Pryor et. al. consider life satisfaction, work satisfaction, and health condition of the individual as most critical in determining whether the individual would experience a negative or positive work-life spillover. It is important to note, however, the different dimensions surrounding life satisfaction, which includes family life, community life, and individual life (9). These comprise life satisfaction--components that, in later discussions, would be considered part of the formal and informal support systems that single parents in the military critically need.
"The presence of both negative and positive work-life spillovers among individuals, particularly in the work setting, necessitates the introduction of another theory: social support theory. Social support has been technically defined in different contexts, but most relevant for the purpose of this study is under the context of social exchange among networks: "social support may be defined as support accessible to an individual through social ties to other individuals, groups, and the larger community" (Lin et. al. in Hupcey, 1998:1232)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Balsure, K. and J. Arnold-Mann. (1992). "Return and Reunion: A psychoeducational program aboard U. S. Navy ships." Family Relations, Vol. 41, No. 2.
  • Bowen, G. and D. Orthner. (1986). "Single Parents in the U. S. Air Force." Family Relations, Vol. 35, No. 1.
  • Bowen, G., D. Orthner, and L. Zimmerman. (1993). "Family adaptation of single parents in the United States Army: An empirical analysis of work stressors and adaptive resources." Family Relations, Vol. 42.
  • Figley, C. (1993). "Coping with stressors on the home front." Journal of Social IssuesVol. 49, No. 4.
  • Grzywacz, J., D. Almeida, and D. McDonald. (2002). "Work-family spillover and daily reports of work and family stress in the adult labor force." Family Relations, Vol. 51.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Single Parents in the Military (2012, June 26) Retrieved June 07, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Single Parents in the Military" 26 June 2012. Web. 07 June. 2023. <>