Religious Concepts of the Ancient Near East Term Paper

Religious Concepts of the Ancient Near East
Investigates the origins of religious concepts from the ancient Near East.
# 119180 | 1,740 words | 7 sources | APA | 2010 | US

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This paper explains that, well into the era of Roman Mesopotamia in the 2nd century CE and beyond, the notion of the God and the holy in the ancient Near East is a multivalent concept that developed concurrently with historical movements that laced together disparate ideas of religiosity. The paper also looks at the theme of mysterium tremendum in the early biblical literature of the ancient Near East. The paper concludes that this cultural integration infused the foundation of Judeo-Christian tradition with an amalgamation of traditions including polemic tribal gods, animist, agricultural and fertility deities as well various skull and bull worshiping cults.

From the Paper:

"This concept of the ineffable, terrifying mystery of God has been thoroughly investigated by religious scholar Rudolf Otto. Via his studies of various religious structures, he determined that there are three primary aspects that define the nature of the religious experience. When taken together they are termed the mysterium tremendum et fasciens or the mysterious and the fascinating laced through with aspects that are utterly terrifying. The mysterium tremendum is a, "non-rational, non-sensory experience or feeling whose primary and immediate object is outside the self.""

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Campbell, J. (1990). Transformations of myth through time. New York: Perennial Library.
  • Campbell, J., Harris, M., & Rochlin, S. (1998). Sukhavati Place of bliss. New York: Mystic Fire Video
  • Otto, R. (1950). The idea of the holy: An inquiry into the non-rational factor in the idea of the divine and its relation to the rational. New York: Oxford University Press.
  • Hollis, J. (2004). Mythologems: Incarnations of the invisible world. Studies in Jungian psychology by Jungian analysts, 109. Toronto, Ont: Inner City Books.
  • Parrinder, E. G. (1976). Mysticism in the world's religions. New York: Oxford University Press.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Religious Concepts of the Ancient Near East (2010, April 08) Retrieved June 05, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Religious Concepts of the Ancient Near East" 08 April 2010. Web. 05 June. 2023. <>