Recognizing Faces and Human Intelligence
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The paper reviews the literature on face recognition and discusses the encoding and the retrieval processes of the brain as well as disorders related to facial recognition. The paper discusses the applications of face recognition knowledge that are to be found in biometrics, information security, law enforcement and surveillance, smart cards and in access control applications. This author posits that facial recognition is a holistic process, and what is very interesting and perhaps the Achilles heal for this process, is that different racial groups process information differently.
From the Paper:"Recognizing details and recognizing overall facial patterns utilize two different components of the visual system. These include the "spatial frequency" of the visual system. High spatial frequencies are used for the perception of details such as eyes and lips. Large-scale differences and the overall configuration of an object are perceived via low spatial frequencies. In addition, there is a third aspect to facial recognition-holistic processing which is a combination of the above two methods. Since holistic processing uses both high and low spatial frequencies, one can understand why it would be harder to recognize upside-down faces or pictures of faces broken into pieces (Munger, 2009).
"A key illustration of this disconnect can be seen in the problems humans have in recognizing faces in photographic negatives. This study that originally appeared in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences suggested that a large part of the answer to this question might lie in the brain's reliance upon a certain type of image feature. The relationships between facial features are disrupted due to the inversion of light and dark ("Why we have," 2009)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Caucasians and asians don't examine faces in the same way. (2010, January 27). Science Daily, Retrieved 18 July 2010 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2010/01/100126111953.htm
- Encoding and retrieval from long-term memory. (2006, March 26). Retrieved from www-psych.stanford.edu/~ashas/.../chapter5.pdf
- Feinberg, Todd E., & Roane, David M. (2005). Delusional misidentification. Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 28, 665-683.
- Munger, Dave. (2009, January 22). Recognizing faces: new evidence on how we put it alltogether . Retrieved 18 July 2010 from http://scienceblogs.com/cognitivedaily/2009/01/recognizing_faces_new_evidence.php
- Putting a name to a face may be key to brain's facial expertise. (2009, June 17). Science Daily, Retrieved 20 July 2010 from http://www.sciencedaily.com/releases/2009/06/090616164006.htm
Cite this Term Paper:
Recognizing Faces and Human Intelligence (2013, April 01) Retrieved December 01, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/recognizing-faces-and-human-intelligence-152609/
"Recognizing Faces and Human Intelligence" 01 April 2013. Web. 01 December. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/recognizing-faces-and-human-intelligence-152609/>