Reactive Attachment Disorder Term Paper by Patrick James Lontoc

Reactive Attachment Disorder
This paper describes the clinical diagnosis of reactive attachment disorder in infants.
# 119541 | 1,222 words | 6 sources | APA | 2010 | PH

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The paper explains the attachment theory which posits that an infant that is well-cared for, well-loved and is consistently given its basic needs, will learn to trust its caregiver. The paper then explains that a child that is diagnosed with reactive attachment disorder (RAD) will have an inadequate attachment with its primary caregiver during an early age, which will lead to the child's inability to form normal relationships with other people. The paper discusses whether the cause of this disorder is the pathogenic care given to the infant, or the infant's temperament. Finally, the paper briefly looks at the symptoms and treatment of RAD.

The Attachment Theory
The Different Attachment Patterns
Normal Attachment Pattern
Reactive Attachment Disorders (RAD)
Causes of Reactive Attachment Disorders
Symptoms of RAD
Treatment of RAD

From the Paper:

"Children are naturally playful and curious. They tend to relate to their caregivers or the persons that are tasked to keep watch and care for them. However, there are instances when there are children that are disconnected from the rest of the group. Some may exhibit specific behaviours such as extreme control problems or compulsive lying that are far from being those of a normal child. Others may be physically or verbally abusive to animals and to other children, even to themselves. Most often than not, these may be associated with bad parenting or at times brought about by changing hormones due to adolescence. However, if these behaviours come from a child who is just four years of age, then adolescence is not the cause of it. The behaviour observed may be the result of the child having Reactive Attachment Disorder or RAD."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Haugaard, J. J., & Hazan, C. (2004). Recognizing and treating uncommon behavioral and emotional disorders in children and adolescents who have been severely maltreated: Reactive attachment disorder. Child Maltreatment: Journal of the American Professional Society on the Abuse of Children, 9, 154-160.
  • Kay Hall, S. E., & Geher, G. (2003). Behavioral and personality characteristics or children with reactive attachment disorder. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 137, 145-162.
  • Richters, M. M., & Volkmar, F. R. (1994). Reactive attachment disorder of infancy or early childhood. Journal of the American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry, 33, 328-332.
  • Stafford, B., Zeanah, C. H., & Scheeringa, M. (2003). Exploring psychopathology in early childhood: PTSD and attachment disorders in DC: 0-3 and DSM-IV. Infant Mental Health Journal, 24, 398-409.
  • Wilson, S. L. (2001). Attachment disorders: Review and current status. Journal of Psychology: Interdisciplinary and Applied, 135, 37-51.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Reactive Attachment Disorder (2010, May 07) Retrieved March 25, 2023, from

MLA Format

"Reactive Attachment Disorder" 07 May 2010. Web. 25 March. 2023. <>