Psychology of Terrorism
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The paper defines terrorism and looks at both domestic and international terrorism as well as rationally motivated terrorists, psychologically motivated terrorists and culturally motivated terrorists. The paper explains how the social learning theory and the cognitive construct provide insight into the psychological processes that influence members to join a terrorist organization and also points out how the lone wolf terrorists are generally psychologically different from conventional terrorists who belong to a more organized extremist group, network, or organization. In addition, the paper discusses the psychological context that refers to those social and psychological circumstances that encouraged certain behaviors to develop and expand. The paper concludes that there is no single motive for engaging in terrorism and a solid understanding of terrorism is best achieved by careful consideration of the multicultural perspectives and psychological dynamics in which they are embedded.
From the Paper:"Terrorism is defined as the illegal use of force or violence against persons or property in order to intimidate or coerce a government or civilian population, to further political or social objectives. Terrorism can be either domestic or international, depending on the foundation, base and goals of the terrorist organization. In the United States, domestic terrorism is a group or individual that operates entirely within the United States or Puerto Rico and without foreign direction. International tourism refers to violent acts or acts that are dangerous to human life. These acts are a violation of the criminal laws of the United States or any state and under the direction of a foreign government, group, organization or person.
"In addition to categorizing terrorist groups on the basis of their interest, researchers have also attempted to provide typologies of individuals within the groups based on their motives. The rationally motivated terrorists are those who consider the goals of the organization and the possible consequences of their actions. They develop well defined and theoretically achievable goals that may involve political, social, economic or other specific objectives. In many cases, rationally motivated terrorists try to avoid loss of life but focus instead on destroying infrastructures, buildings and other symbolic structures to get their message across."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bartol, Curt R. and Bartol, Anne M. (2010). Psychology of Terrorism. Criminal Behavior: A Psychological Approach. (p. 53-84). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.
Cite this Term Paper:
Psychology of Terrorism (2013, March 20) Retrieved December 11, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/psychology-of-terrorism-152573/
"Psychology of Terrorism" 20 March 2013. Web. 11 December. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/psychology-of-terrorism-152573/>