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The paper provides some background on Italy and explores the state of Italy after WWII. The paper addresses the new Constitution, the Marshall Plan, Italy's miraculous economic recovery, Italy's monetary stabilization and its growth of designers and architects. The paper also looks at its program to eradicate malaria in Sardinia, its post-war conditions and the legacy of the Cold War on the country.
Italy After World War II
Italy After World War II
From the Paper:"Italy's economic miracle during this period amazed Europe and the world (Marinello, 2009). Previous European Economic Community treaties and available capital from the Marshall Plan energized its business policies and capitalism. The US Secretary of State George Marshall devised the European Recovery Program in 1947, also called the Marshall Plan. It allocated $13 billion for the reconstruction of Western Europe from 1948 to 1952. These conditions in Italy promoted and enhanced universal education; modernibed agriculture; rebuilt ports for the 20th century; raised the level of its shipbuilding and steel production to world levels; tapped all Italy's natural resources; and spurred traditional skills to produce and market specialty items in various industries. Italy wanted to show that they could count among industrialized countries. Its system of proportional representation in government was so broad that many small parties surfaced and led to unstable coalition governments. The so-called "royal fascination" remained but more for social and entertainment than political motivations (Marinello).
"Many historians believe that war production was a key factor in the triumph of the
Allies (U-S-History, 2009). They not only sent more men and women to the armed forces
but also produced more weapons and war machinery than the Axis powers. The Allies were much more prepared for the fight. Scientific inventions and discoveries also contributed to shortening the War. The Office of Scientific Research and Development organized its resources for the purpose. The government also devised or improved equipment and tools, such as radar, rocket launchers, jet engines, amphibious boats, long-range navigational aids, and instruments to detect submarines. Large quantities of penicillin were produced for a diversity of diseases and DDT for jungle insects. (U-S-History)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Bull, A. (1997). Taly and the legacy of the Cold War. Occasional Paper # 8. EuropeanResearch Institute: University of Bath. Retrieved on November 11, 2009 from http://www.bath.ac.uk/iri/pdf/op-annabull.pdf
- Encyclopedia of the Nations (2009). Italy- history. Retrieved on November 9, 2009 fromhttp://www.nationsencyclopedia.com/Europe/Italy-HISTORY.htm
- Einaudi, L. (2009). World War II and post-war monetary stabilization. Banca Ditalia:Banca Ditalia Eurosistema. Retrieved on November 10, 2009 fromhttp://www.bancaditalia.it/bancaditalia/storia/guera;internal&action=_setlanguage.action?LANGUAGE=en
- Encyc (2009). World War II. Retrieved on November 10, 2009 from http://encyc.org/WorldWarII
- Hine, D (2007). Italy. A Power Point Slide Presentation. Oxford Higher Education: Oxford University Press. Retrieved on November 11, 2009 fromhttp://www.oup.com/uk/orc/bin/9780199283.freelecturer/ppt/slides_ch03.ppt
Cite this Term Paper:
Post-War Italy: 1946 - mid 1950s (2012, June 11) Retrieved May 27, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/post-war-italy-1946-mid-1950s-151487/
"Post-War Italy: 1946 - mid 1950s" 11 June 2012. Web. 27 May. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/post-war-italy-1946-mid-1950s-151487/>