Positive Reinforcement in the Classroom Term Paper by Nicky

Positive Reinforcement in the Classroom
An overview of operant conditioning and the use of positive and negative reinforcement in the classroom.
# 148482 | 801 words | 3 sources | APA | 2011 | US
Published on Oct 26, 2011 in Education (Education Psychology) , Psychology (Behaviorism) , Psychology (Theory)


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Description:

The paper outlines the theory of operant conditioning and the use of positive and negative reinforcement. The writer points out that positive reinforcement is a more effective tool since it maintains the trust between the organism and the trainer, and provides an example of using operant conditioning to shape behavior in the teaching context. The writer further relates that as a teacher, he/she believes that establishing a relationship of positive trust with students will result in much better student performance than a premise of punishment.

Outline:
Theory of Operant Conditioning
Positive and Negative Reinforcement
Effective Reinforcement
Shaping Behavior
Reinforcing Schedule

From the Paper:

"An example of using operant conditioning to shape behavior could be applied to the teaching context. Desirable behavior for children in a classroom is to sit quietly and listen while the teacher is talking or giving instructions. Unruly children tend to have a disruptive effect upon learning, as instructions are neither heard nor followed. To teach them the skill of listening carefully, I would then use operant conditioning by rewarding them for listening carefully and effectively. From my own school experience, the teachers who are most adored are those who obtain results not only by teaching effectively, but those who do so by reward rather than punishment."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Boeree, C.George. (2006). B.F. Skinner 1904-1990. Personality Theories. http://webspace.ship.edu/cgboer/skinner.html
  • Modgil, Celia, & Skinner, B.F. B.F. Skinner: Consensus and Controversy. Routledge, 1987.
  • Smith, Louis M. (1994). B.F. Skinner. Prospects: quarterly review of comparative education, Vol. XXIV, no.3/4. Paris: UNESCO. http://www.ibe.unesco.org/fileadmin/user_upload/archive/publications/ThinkersPdf/skinnere.PDF

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Positive Reinforcement in the Classroom (2011, October 26) Retrieved March 01, 2024, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/positive-reinforcement-in-the-classroom-148482/

MLA Format

"Positive Reinforcement in the Classroom" 26 October 2011. Web. 01 March. 2024. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/positive-reinforcement-in-the-classroom-148482/>

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