Police Use of Excessive Force Term Paper by meh31488

Looks at the causes and trends of excessive use of force by police in the United States and makes recommendation for further use.
# 150633 | 2,675 words | 24 sources | APA | 2012 | US

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This paper explains that, due to the multivariate behavior of police departments, police officers and suspects, defining what is the use of excessive force is a problem especially since the ability to use force has become a crucial element of how police officers implement the law. Next, the author relates that, because of the marked acceleration of physical, chemical and electronic force authorized and used on a suspect, it is especially important to find ways to prevent this excessive use of force by police. The paper stresses that utilizing coercion and excessive means of force to maintain the social order especially in disadvantaged areas may undermine the strength of communities and disrupt social ties; therefore, the author recommends a multi-level structural change in local police departments that includes early interventions, increased supervision and discipline, training and more consistent and effective use of counseling and mediation. A table is included in the paper.

Table of Contents:
Crime Trends
Importance of Preventing Excessive Use of Force by Police
Social Disorganization as an Explanation of Excessive Force by Police
Prevention and Control Policy
Policy Implications based on Social Disorganization and Current Crime Trends

From the Paper:

"An appropriate prevention and control strategy must resolve fundamental issues associated with the variables listed above to improve the relationship between police officers and suspects. However, effective change in organizations is one of the most problematic and troublesome processes confronted by leaders, organizational experts, and theorists. Moreover, changes in the social structure, roles, responsibilities, and powers of the police must occur for there to be effective changes in disadvantaged communities. However, this does not imply fundamental changes are necessary to the core values and crime-control strategies already in place by local, state, and federal departments.
"It appears that prevention strategies need to focus more on long-term initiatives from within local police departments in regards to the psychological behavior of police officers. Recent research has identified concerns related to the importance of "pre-employment screening to identify violence-prone candidates and predict future officer performance." Considering the majority of police brutality is concentrated in disadvantaged areas that consist of high criminal activity, it can be argued that increased levels of stress may have a direct correlation to the flux of violence. It can also be argued that police officers who are impulsive and demonstrate a low tolerance for frustration may increase the risk of police misconduct. This behavior is exacerbated by the resistance, threats, and mental state of the suspects."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Alpert, G.P. and Dunham, R.G. (1999). The force factor: measuring and assessing police use of force and suspect resistance. In Adams, K. (Ed.), Use of Force by Police: Overview ofNational and Local Data, National Institute of Justice, Washington, DC. (pp. 45-60).
  • Bayley, D.H. and Garofalo, J. (1989). The management of violence by police patrol of cers. Criminology. (Vol. 27 No. 1, pp. 1-23).
  • Bittner, E. (1970). The Functions of Police in Modern Society, Government Printing Office,Washington, DC.
  • Bursik, Robert J. and Harold G. Grasmick (1993). Neighborhoods and Crime: The Dimension of Effective Community Control. New York: Lexington.
  • Clear, T.R., Rose, D.R., Waring, E., & Scully, K. (2003). Coercive mobility and crime: apreliminary examination of concentrated incarceration and social disorganization. JusticeQuarterly. (20(1), 20-34).

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Police Use of Excessive Force (2012, March 28) Retrieved April 21, 2024, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/police-use-of-excessive-force-150633/

MLA Format

"Police Use of Excessive Force" 28 March 2012. Web. 21 April. 2024. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/police-use-of-excessive-force-150633/>