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The paper outlines the background of Plato and the period in which he lived. The paper describes his travels and discusses his dialogues and letters, looking at the most famous one, "The Republic". The paper asserts that Plato made the world a different place because his philosophy and thinking contributed to the evolution of modern man and the building of the various democracies we know today.
From the Paper:"The period by which Plato lived was not all peaceful and as a youth, education was not the only endeavour he did. During that time there were regular soldiers and their officers in the service of the city-states. These military personnel were tasked to the defence of the city-state and the maintenance of peace and order. Aside from the soldiers and officers, there are the citizen-soldiers who are called to service when there was a threat to the city-state. Plato was a citizen-soldier and he saw action in the "Peloponnesian War fought between Athens and Sparta between 431 BC and 404 BC. Plato was in military service from 409 B.C. to 404 B.C. but at this time he wanted a political career rather than a military one. At the end of the war he joined the oligarchy of the Thirty Tyrants in Athens set up in 404 B.C., one of whose leaders being his mother's brother Charmides, but their violent acts meant that Plato quickly left. (O'Connor and Robertson, 1999)"
"After his service during the Peloponnesian War, Plato went back to his studies but a major event changed his outlook. His mentor Socrates was accused of undermining the Athenian government and with the false accusation, Socrates was asked to choose his own punishment. Socrates chose to die by drinking poison hemlock and his death terribly affected Plato. After the death of Socrates he joined a group of the Socratic disciples gathered at Megara under the leadership of Euclid."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Kraut, Richard. "Plato." Stanford Encyclopedia of Philosophy. 17 Sept. 2009. 20 Oct. 2009. <http://plato.stanford.edu/entries/plato/>.
- O'Connor, J.J. and E.F. Robertson. "Plato." MacTutor History of Mathematics. Jan. 1999. 20 Oct. 2009. <http://www.gap-system.org/~history/Biographies/Plato.html>.
- Turner, William. "Plato and Platonism." The Catholic Encyclopedia. Vol. 12. New York: Robert Appleton Company, 1911. 20 Oct. 2009. <http://www.newadvent.org/cathen/12159a.htm>.
Cite this Term Paper:
Philosophy of Plato (2012, May 22) Retrieved August 13, 2022, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/philosophy-of-plato-151102/
"Philosophy of Plato" 22 May 2012. Web. 13 August. 2022. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/philosophy-of-plato-151102/>