Peronism: The Dictatorial Populism of Argentina Term Paper by Nicky

A discussion on Juan Peron and his controversial legacy as president of Argentina.
# 151186 | 916 words | 1 source | MLA | 2012 | US
Published on May 28, 2012 in History (Leaders)

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The paper refers to Mariano Plotkin's chronicle of the Peron regime to demonstrate how Peronism is both celebrated and despised. The paper discusses how many Argentineans wax nostalgic about the legacy of Peron and his wife for their anti-colonial, pro-populist stance, yet, the facts are that Peron ruled in ways that were domineering, stifled opposition parties and depleted the treasury. The paper explains how Peron's wife, Eva, was able to use women to further Peron's popularity and Peron himself created a system where it was almost impossible to question his legitimacy and supposed commitment to the people.

From the Paper:

"Peron's proclamations about his desire to better life for the poor did not ring entirely false. He did, for example, substantially increase access to education for the vast majority of Argentina's poor. Yet education was used as a tool of state propaganda. School textbooks were rewritten to catalogue the greatness of the Peron regime. History was revised so that every event was shown to lead up to Peron assuming power. Another paradox in the status of Peron as an ardent populist and liberal is manifest in the career of his wife Eva. Eva Peron was a tireless activist in favor of female suffrage, but she defended this on Roman Catholic grounds in a way that would be popular with the people, citing women's greater spirituality and sensitivity.
"Advancing the cause of female suffrage was also an ideal way to defend her own role in politics, side-by-side her husband. Eva created a saintly image for herself as a charitable woman who had risen up from the lower classes herself. Her Eva Peron Foundation engaged in spectacular, public acts of charity and cleverly muted protests about the widespread neglect of the poor in many corners of the nation. It tempered calls for workers to wrest control of their unions away from the regime. Eva also strove to use what she viewed as women's innate missionary capacity to disseminate Peron's message throughout Argentina."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Plotkin, Mariano. Maniana es San Per6n: Propaganda, rituales politicos y educaci6n en el regimen peronista (1946-1955). Buenos Aires: Ariel Historia Argentina. 1994.

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