Past and Present of Urban Planning
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The paper explains the concept of urban planning and relates that in its current form, it is a socialistic framework of creating a society approaching towards the principles of egalitarianism, social justice, environmental concerns, lesser pollution and universal health care and education services. The paper looks at the ideas of some of the earliest urban planners like Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier, and discusses how they were criticized as utopian city planners. Yet, the paper shows how with the improvement of techniques and thought process, the concepts of those so-called utopian planners are being incorporated and implemented practically in current urban planning styles.
From the Paper:"Urban planning is a modern concept of creating cities with a definite prudent and cognizant design in their layout and functioning, it evolved as an organized profession some 70 to 80 years ago. At initial stages, Urban Planning dealt with the issues of how to create an attractive, efficient, healthy and safe community to live in. Later on, the urban planners expanded their responsibilities and included the concepts of creating a city or urban dwellings that apart from being healthy, safe, attractive and efficient, should also support sustainability, and virtually all aspects of public administration in an urban community are now considered as part of urban planning which includes, environmental protection, ecological security, economic development, income redistribution, crime prevention, conflict resolution, prevention of discriminations based on gender, racial, ethnic, or age, alleviating family disorganization, and similar issues. (John, 17)
"Thus, it can be said that 'Urban Planning' in its current form is a socialistic framework of creating a society approaching towards the principles of egalitarianism, social justice, environmental concerns, lesser pollution and universal health care and education services. The concept of 'Urban Planning' reached to this stage through various revolutionary phases and during the initiation, these concepts were considered as utopian. Some of the earliest urban planners like Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright and Le Corbusier of twentieth century were criticized as Utopian city planners."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brunner, Arnold. Proceedings of the Eighth National Conference on City Planning, Cleveland, June 5-7, 1916. National Conference on City Planning: New York. 1916, pp: 14-34.
- Fishman, Robert. Urban Utopias in the Twentieth Century: Ebenezer Howard, Frank Lloyd Wright, and Le Corbusier. Cambridge, MA: MIT, 1989.
- Harvey, David. Justice, Nature and Geography of Difference. Blackwell Publishing Co: Oxford. 1996.
- John, Reps. W. Urban Planning 1794-1918: An Introduction to the Anthology, Department of City and Regional Planning. Cornell University, Ithaca: New York, 2002.
- Mumford, Lewis(a). Roots of Contemporary American Architecture. Grove Press: New York, 1959.
Cite this Term Paper:
Past and Present of Urban Planning (2013, February 22) Retrieved January 21, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/past-and-present-of-urban-planning-152486/
"Past and Present of Urban Planning" 22 February 2013. Web. 21 January. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/past-and-present-of-urban-planning-152486/>