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This paper examines the emblematic figure of Pancho Villa in light of his raid on Columbus, New Mexico, focusing on the historic context and the consequences of this military action. The paper begins by summarizing the events of the Mexican Revolution up to the point of the raid. In particular, the paper considers how the US government responded to Pancho Villa's acts against its citizens and how that shaped American policy. The paper then details Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico and the crushing defeat of the Mexican forces. The paper also shows how this intervention by the US may have shaped future foreign policy. The paper concludes by discussing the controversial legacy of Pancho Villa, who is seen by some as a hero and by others as a bandit.
From the Paper:"As such, since 1910, Mexico was under the struggle between the revolutionaries and the elites who had supported former president Porfiro Diaz. With the revolutionaries closing in on Mexico City, several factions became obvious in the constitutional camp. These included Venutiano Carranza, as well as Pancho Villa, as the leader of the group of rebel forces in the north of the country, and E. Zapata from the south . As the capital was taken, the political agreement that was supposed to ensue under the leadership of V. Carranza involved the exclusion of both Villa and Zapata . However, at this point, the influence of Washington and the US played an important part in the conclusion of the Convention at Torreon, with a more radical program and the exclusion of Carranza from power."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Brandt, Nancy. October 1964. Pancho Villa: The Making of a Modern Legend. The Americans, Vol. 21, No. 2. pp.146-162.
- Haley, Edward. 1970. Revolution and Intervention: The Diplomacy of Taft and Wilson in Mexico. Cambridge, MA: The MIT Press.
- Howell, Jeff. Evaluating the Many Faces of Pancho Villa, Outlaw, Hero, Patriot, Cutthroat. Historical Text Archive. On the internet at http://historicaltextarchive.com/sections.php?op=viewarticle&artid=735
- Sandos, James. 1970. German Involvement in Northern Mexico, 1915-1916: A New Look at the Columbus Raid. The Hispanic American Historical Review
- Sandos, James. 1981. Pancho Villa and American Security: Woodrow Wilson's Mexican Diplomacy Reconsidered. Journal of Latin American Studies. 13, 2, 293-311.
Cite this Term Paper:
Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico (2010, December 27) Retrieved April 22, 2021, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/pancho-villa-raid-on-columbus-new-mexico-146446/
"Pancho Villa's raid on Columbus, New Mexico" 27 December 2010. Web. 22 April. 2021. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/pancho-villa-raid-on-columbus-new-mexico-146446/>