Organizational Theory at Proctor & Gamble Term Paper by JeremyStuart

Organizational Theory at Proctor & Gamble
Looks at various organizational theories and applies two of them to Proctor & Gamble.
# 147897 | 4,250 words | 21 sources | APA | 2011 | KE
Published on Aug 07, 2011 in Business (Companies) , Business (Management)

$19.95 Buy and instantly download this paper now


This paper relates that the three general categories of organizational theory are modern, interpretivist and post modern, which all have different ontological and epistemological assumptions. Next, the author describes the organizational elements of power, structure, technology, culture, roles, goals, ability to change, conflict management and organizational effectiveness. The paper concludes by using an epistemological position and an ontological position to support the conclusion that Proctor & Gamble's key organizational belief is in the power of its people to rebuild all the other assets should these other assets be lost.

Table of Contents
Background of the Study
Background of Proctor & Gamble
Organization Theories
Organizational Elements
Ability to Change
Conflict Management
Organizational Effectiveness
Organizational Theories
Similarities of the Two Organizational Theories
Differences of the Two Organizational Theories
Organizational Theory in Proctor & Gamble
Supporting Epistemological Position
Supporting Ontological Position

From the Paper:

"Power always exists in organizations and it should be properly managed and recognized so as to be healthy for personnel and organizations At Proctor and Gamble, there are three aspects of effective power; insight, openness and a positive attitude towards change. When for instance employees are moved from one region to another, they get empowered through accepting the transfer. The people in authority need to have the ability to influence others to do things that they wouldn't ordinarily do. According to Gwen and Steinhoff, 1989, effective leaders use cultural hierarchy to influence people through the use of cultural norms and sharing power."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Clegg, S. R. & Komberger, M. (2003). Modernism, Post modernism Management and Organization Theory. Research in the Sociology of Organizations. Volume 21. Bingley: Emerald Group Publishing Limited.
  • Fuhs, C. (2009). Toward an Integral Approach to Organization Theory: An Integral Investigation of Three Historical Perspectives on the Nature of Organizations.
  • Gay, P. (2007). Modernism: The Lure of Heresy. New York: W. W. Norton & Company
  • Golembiewski, R. T. (2000). Handbook of Organizational Behavior. 2nd Ed. Boca Raton: CRC Press.
  • Gwens, R. G & Steinhoff, C. R. (1989). Towards A Theory of Organizational Culture. Journal of Educational Administration. Volume 27, Issue 3. MCB UP Ltd.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Organizational Theory at Proctor & Gamble (2011, August 07) Retrieved January 16, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Organizational Theory at Proctor & Gamble" 07 August 2011. Web. 16 January. 2021. <>