Organ Transplantation in the UK Term Paper by Nicky

A look at organ transplantation programs in the contemporary UK.
# 150687 | 2,369 words | 11 sources | APA | 2012 | US


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Description:

This paper examines current issues in organ transplantation as experienced in the UK. First, the paper describes what an organ transplant is and when it is necessary. It also presents a brief history of transplantation surgery. Then, it gives statistics about the ratio between donors and recipients. Next, the paper notes how programs to promote organ donation have largely failed in the UK. In particular, it cites recommendations on the experiences of other countries, which adopted systems to promote larger numbers of organ donors. Additionally, the paper addresses illegal activity associated with organ donation. Finally, it explores the legislation regarding "opt-out" or presumed consent of organ donation following death. The paper concludes by stating that the majority of people feel that despite a diversity of opinions, one should save or change another person's life when possible.

Outline:

Diverse Views
Favoring Opt-Out
Infection in Organ Transplants
Developing Tolerance to Transplants
Opt-Out System "Abhorrent"
No to a Change in the Current System
Public Reaction to Ruling

From the Paper:

"The Organ Donation Task Force doubled the number of its coordinators in local hospitals to cope with the demand for more donations (Duffy 2008). They were to guide and support bereaved families, who were potential donors, through the donation process. Authorities hoped that this would raise the current rate from 60 to 70%. Statistics showed that 7,500 recipients were in the waiting list. They would work at the task 24 hours with the intensive care staff to reach the goal of an additional 120 transplants in the next five years. Health Secretary Alan Johnson asked the task force to study if the UK system should change to a "presumed consent" mode. Under this mode, people would need to formally "opt out" rather than "opt in" as donors. The British Medical Association and the chief medical officers endorsed the idea. A survey conducted by the Association revealed that three-fourths of the public supported the change. Scotland sustained the suggestion. Its Health Secretary Nicola Sturgeon expressed full commitment to both an increase in the volume of transplants and the system of presumed consent."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Al-Hasan M. M., et al 2009, `Incidence Rate and Outcome of Gram-Negative Bloodstream Infection in Solid Organ Transplant Recipients,' American Journal of Transplantation, (online), available at http://www.medscape.com/viewarticle/591039
  • BBC 2007, `Everyone Should Donate Organs,' BBC News, (online), available at:http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/health/6902519.stm
  • Brophy, J. 2007, `Everyone to be a Donor; Radical Law Change to Beat Organ Crisis,' Evening Chronicle (New England), MGN Ltd. (online), available athttp://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_6783/is_2007_July_17/ai_n2844530
  • Doughty, S 2008, `Mother Tells of Dismay at Donor Ruling,' Evening Chronicle, MGN Ltd, (online), available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles.mi_6783/is_2008_Nov_18/ai_n31009471
  • Duffy, J. 2008, `Taskforce Aims to Boost Transplants,' the Sunday Herald, Newsquest Media Group, (online), available at http://findarticles.com/p/articles/mi_qn4156/is_2008113/ai_n21206018/tag=content;col1

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Organ Transplantation in the UK (2012, March 30) Retrieved December 15, 2019, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/organ-transplantation-in-the-uk-150687/

MLA Format

"Organ Transplantation in the UK" 30 March 2012. Web. 15 December. 2019. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/organ-transplantation-in-the-uk-150687/>

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