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The paper discusses how the OECD's redefinition of labour market policy caused the removal of the Designated Group Policy of 1991, which protected women, visible minorities, Aboriginal people and persons with disabilities. The paper explains that these historically disadvantaged groups would no longer be given special consideration or programs but were meant to 'fend for themselves' in the new capitalist regime of the economy. The paper argues that without increased government and capital expenditures in transferrable skills training, these groups will be forever doomed to low income, poor jobs and little hope to enhance their skills.
From the Paper:"The OECD led the shift in government's views on training. In post-Fordist Canada, employer training incentives decreased since it was seen that workers were willing to invest their own funds in training to secure better positions. Employers perceived this new trend as a way to combat spending profit on training and the risk of poaching by other companies to better jobs once workers were industry trained and had transferrable skills. During the 1970s, Canada's shift to a free-market philosophy towards labour market policies reduced government's involvement thus allowing capital to utilize their influence over training. This capitalization of training led to re-examination and deregulation of labour market regulations and removing income security which had sustained the economy for years (Critoph, 2003, p.10).
"Deregulation of labour markets reduced protections for programs such as unemployment insurance (UI) and welfare. Eligibility for UI was tightened while benefits were decreased or capped while the minimum wage failed to keep up with inflation. Layoff provisions were loosened and services to laid-off workers decreased. The reductions in protection were supposed to reinforce stronger attachments to the labour market with an emphasis towards the supply side. Also ensuring governmental policies would support a flexible, mobile and highly skilled workforce with a minimum of investment from employers or the public (Critoph, 2003, p.10)."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Critoph, U. (2003)., The Canadian Training System Study Guide, Alberta: Athabasca University
- Fact Sheet. (2002). Unemployment Insurance., Retrieved on January 23, 2012 from http://psac.com/documents/what/WConffactUIInsurance-e.pdf
- Statistics Canada. (2001). Education and Training: Two-Thirds Planned to Get Further Education. Retrieved on January 23, 2012 from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-611-x/4067691-eng.htm
- Statistics Canada. (2006). Participation and Activity Limitation Survey of 2006: Labour Force Experience of People with Disabilities in Canada, Retrieved on January 23, 2012 from http://www.statcan.gc.ca/pub/89-628-x/89-628-x2008007-eng.htm
Cite this Term Paper:
OECD Labour Market Policy and Marginalized Groups (2012, June 10) Retrieved January 18, 2020, from https://www.academon.com/term-paper/oecd-labour-market-policy-and-marginalized-groups-151397/
"OECD Labour Market Policy and Marginalized Groups" 10 June 2012. Web. 18 January. 2020. <https://www.academon.com/term-paper/oecd-labour-market-policy-and-marginalized-groups-151397/>