Nursing Hand Hygiene Term Paper by Nicky

A look at the importance of nursing hand hygiene in a hospital setting.
# 149712 | 2,791 words | 8 sources | APA | 2011 | US

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This paper discusses the role of nurses in maintaining proper hand hygiene in hospitals or other populated medical facilities due to the populations being vulnerable to bacteria and infectious diseases known as nosocomial infection. The paper further points out that these infections to hospital patients or nursing home residents are often caused by healthcare workers, presumably practicing poor sanitary practices. The paper cites various research studies that show how nosocomial disease may often be attributed to poor hand hygiene compliance. This is followed by an extensive literature review on the topic and its findings. The paper concludes by stating that there is yet a need for more scientific and properly sampled research connecting best practices in hand hygiene and hand hygiene intervention amongst healthcare workers with a reduction in nosocomial infection.


Problem Definition
Literature Review

From the Paper:

"Confirming nosocomial infection as the proper focus for a dependent variable requires a surface understanding of the variable itself. Accordingly, a study by Beggs et al (2006) denotes that "direct contact between health care staff and patients is generally considered to be the primary route by which most exogenously-acquired infections spread within and between wards." (Beggs et al, 621) As the research considers the best manner in which to direct focus between cause and effect (i.e. dependent and independent variable), it is useful to recognize that personnel within the hospital are largely to be seen as the primary carrier of nosocomial infection. Beggs et al provide the research with a considerable degree of help in this area as well, indicating that "handwashing is therefore perceived to be the single most important infection control measure that can be adopted, with the continuing high infection rates generally attributed to poor hand hygiene compliance." (Beggs et al, 621) There is however a conflict between this declared perception and the finding produced by the study which contends that larger institutional problems such as staffing shortage and high worker turnover may actually contribute highly to the spread of infectious diseases."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Barrett, R. & Randle, J. (2008). Hand hygiene practices: nursing students' perceptions. Journal of Clinical Nursing, 17(14), 1851-1857.
  • Beggs, C.; Noakes, C.; Shepherd, S.; Kerr, K.; Sleigh, P. & Banfield, K. (2006). The influence of nurse cohorting on hand hygiene effectiveness. American Journal of Infection Control, 34, 10, 621-626.
  • Gould, D.; Drey, N.; Moralejo, D.; Grimshaw, J. & Chudleigh, J. (). Interventions to Improve hand hygiene compliance in patient care. Journal of Hospital Infection, 68(3), 193-202.
  • Larson, E.; Quiros, D. & Lin, S. (2007). Dissemination of the CDC's Hand Hygiene Guideline and impact on infection rates. American Journal of Infection Control, 35(10), 666-675.
  • Roberts, C.; Roberts, J. & Roberts, R.J. (2009). Investigation into the effect of an alcohol-based hand product on infection rate in a nursing home setting. Journal of Infection Prevention, 10(4), 138-142.

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

Nursing Hand Hygiene (2011, December 28) Retrieved May 11, 2021, from

MLA Format

"Nursing Hand Hygiene" 28 December 2011. Web. 11 May. 2021. <>