Native Woman as a Work Force in Canada
A examination of the role played by native women in Canada prior to and after the World War l.
# 105258 | 1,592 words | 6 sources | MLA | 2008 |
Published on Jul 02, 2008 in Canadian Studies (History, Culture) , Canadian Studies (Gender, Race, Class issues) , Canadian Studies (Labor Studies) , Women Studies (General)
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The paper is divided into two sections, which deals primarily with the work role of native women in Canada in the pre industrial period, and secondly with work done at home, to work done in the labor force, relating to payment and pensions. The paper relates that initially all women were involved in commercial activities however certain positions were reserved for men. The paper explains the division of labor among men and women and gives the reasoning behind this division and how the situation changed after the war. The factors dealing with remuneration for women is explained in detail with reasons and comparisons.
From the Paper:"During the early industrialization period, women always "earned less than 60 percent of what men earned, even when...they worked longer hours" (Wilson 60). The prevalent attitude was that older men should be responsible for skilled work. Certain jobs became the domain of men so that women could be excluded; when women performed certain work, it lost status. Eventually, female sweated labor, as a result of poor working conditions and workplace abuses, endangered male incomes (McIntosh 143). At the same time, only men's work was eased by mechanization. Factory work allowed women more free time but eventually defined life for single women (Unit 2 26). However, while men as breadwinners worked in factories, married women were confined to the home (Unit 2 28) but still earned money by such activities as baking and crafts. As industrialization proceeded, women were viewed as consumers rather than producers (Unit 2 29). Along with factory work, the main employment available to women was domestic work."
Sample of Sources Used:
- Djaferis, Carolyn. WOMN 3035 EL 10: Managing Essentials in Work and Family. Toronto: Canadian Scholars' Press, 2007.
- Ghalam, Nancy Z. "Attitudes Toward Women, Work and Family" in Canadian Social Trends, No. 46, pp. 13-17. Autumn 1997 Canadian Social Trends.
- McIntosh, Robert. "Sweated Labour: Female Needleworkers in Industrializing Canada" in Canadian Women: A Reader, pp. 142-172. 1996 Harcourt Brace & Co.
- Pierson, Ruth. "Women's Emancipation and the Recruitment of Women into the Labour Force in World War II" in The Neglected Majority: Essays in Canadian Women's History, pp. 125-145. 177 McClelland and Stewart.
- Prentice, Alison. "The Feminization of Teaching" in The Neglected Majority: Essays in Canadian Women's History, pp. 49-65. 1977 McLelland & Stewart.
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