National Security Issues: Lessons From September 11th Term Paper by Nicky

An exploration of national security issues facing the United States in light of the September 11th attacks.
# 151142 | 1,863 words | 10 sources | APA | 2012 | US
Published on May 23, 2012 in Hot Topics (Terror and 9/11) , Political Science (Terrorism)

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The paper provides a retrospective analysis of the factors responsible for the failure of U.S. counterterrorism agencies to prevent the devastating attacks of September 11th. The paper also explores the interagency collaboration deficiencies and systemic problems involving the FBI and looks at the problems involving the FBI with respect to preventing terrorism that are the result of conceptual issues in the assignment of that agency as the nation's lead counterterrorism agency. In conclusion, the paper examines the measures that have substantially improved the quality and effectiveness of U.S. national security and counterterrorism efforts since 2001.

Missed Opportunities by the CIA to Prevent the September 11th Terrorist Attacks
Interagency Collaboration Deficiencies and Systemic Problems Involving the FBI
Conceptual Problems in National Counterterrorism Responsibilities
Conclusion - Resolving National Counterterrorism Problems

From the Paper:

"According to the Top Secret CIA Office of Inspector General's (OIG) Report on CIA Accountability With Respect to the 9/11 Attacks, ("9/11 Report") the US government and the CIA both lacked any comprehensive strategy for combating al-Qaeda (German, 2005; Larsen, 2007). Similarly, despite the fact that George Tenet, then Director of the Central Intelligence (DCI) had issued a formal memorandum in 1998 according to which the nation was "at war" (with respect to radical Islamic terrorists), neither the DCI nor the Deputy Director of Central Intelligence (DDCI) followed up on that characterization or the more specific instruction of the DCI spare no resources in that regard either inside or outside the CIA (German, 2005; Larsen, 2007).
"Furthermore, while the CIA maintained Counterterrorism Center (CTC), the 9/11 Report indicated that that component of the CIA substantially neglected that part of its mission statement referring to the intelligence gathering function. Instead, the CTC focused virtually exclusively on operational and tactical concerns (German, 2005; Larsen, 2007; Miller, Stone, & Mitchell, 2002). The 9/11 Report also documented the manner in which operational and tactical concerns resulted in significant (but isolated) successes in specific cases on international terrorist attacks against U.S. interests in the years immediately preceding 2001, but substantially undermined rather than assisted the larger strategic aspect of terrorism prevention through effective collection and dissemination of the information necessary to do so (German, 2005; Larsen, 2007; Miller, Stone, & Mitchell, 2002)."

Sample of Sources Used:

  • Allison, G. (2004). Nuclear Terrorism: The Ultimate Preventable Catastrophe. New York: Henry Holt
  • Clarke, R. (2004). Against All Enemies: Inside America's War on Terror. New York: Simon & Schuster.
  • Dershowitz, A. (2002). Shouting Fire: Civil Liberties in a Turbulent Age. New York: Little Brown & Co.
  • German, M. (2005). An FBI Insider's Guide to the 9/11 Commission ReportRetrieved, October 25, 2009, from:
  • Johnson, B. "A Look at Fusion Centers: Working Together to Protect America." FBI Law Enforcement Bulletin. Vol. 76, No.12 (2007).

Cite this Term Paper:

APA Format

National Security Issues: Lessons From September 11th (2012, May 23) Retrieved July 02, 2022, from

MLA Format

"National Security Issues: Lessons From September 11th" 23 May 2012. Web. 02 July. 2022. <>


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